Language name and locationː ǃXóõ, Botswana, Namibia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区科奥语, 博茨瓦纳, 纳米比亚


1. ǂʔûã

2. ǂnûm

3. ǁâe

4. borrowed Tswana or Kgalagadi


Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Tony Traill, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, November 25, 1993.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Tony Traill, 1993 年 11 月 25 日.


Other comments: ǃXóõ has only three numerals of Khoisan origin, they used big numbers borrowed from Tswana or Kgalagadi. ǃXóo is a tonal languages with several click sounds, the symbol ' ǂ ' is a palato-alveolar click, '  and ' ǁ ' an alveolar click.

22nd Ethnologue reported: Alternate Names: !Khong, !Xo, !Xo’o~, East Taa, N/amani, Ng|amani, Taa, Tsasi. Population: 2,000 in Botswana (2011 C. Naumann). Total users in all countries: 2,500. Location: Ghanzi district: south; Kgalagadi district: north; Kweneng and Southern districts: west. Language Status: Threatened.

Classification: Tuu, Taa. Dialects: Auni (|Auni, |Auo), Kakia (Masarwa), Ki|hazi, Ng|u||en (||U||en, |Nu||en, |U||en, Ng|u|ei, Nu||en), Nusan (Ng|usan, Noosan, Nu-San), Xatia (|Eikusi, |Kusi, Katia, Kattea, Khatia, Vaalpens), !Kwi, ǂHoan (Western ǂHoan). Typology: SVO; prepositions; genitives, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial; 2 prefixes, 3 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects; verb affixes mark number, gender of subject and object, and is obligatory; passives; reduplication on periphrastics for causatives; periphrastic comparatives; CV, CVV, CVCV; tonal. Language Use: Also use Herero, Kgalagadi, Naro, Setswana, |Gwi. Second languages used by people older than 10 who have been to school or have lived with speakers of the other languages. Language Development: Dictionary. Grammar. Nu||en dialect is extinct. ‡Hua (ǂHoan) [huc] is different from ǂHoan dialect (Western ǂHoan). Traditional religion, Christian.


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