Language name and location: Tsum, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区语, 尼泊尔   

 

1. tʃik

21.  ɲis tʃɑʃi

2. ɲi

22.  ɲitʃɑ ɲi

3. sum

23.  ɲitʃɑ sum

4. dʒi

24.  ɲitʃəu dzi

5. ŋɑ

25.  ɲitʃe ŋɑ

6. ʈu

26.  ɲitʃeʈɑ

7. tʰʏn

27.  ɲitʃəptʏn

8. ɡʰe

28.  ɲitʃəpke

9. ɡʰu

29.  ɲitʃəkku

10. tʃɑ

30.  sumdzu

11. tʃutʃi

40.  siptʃu

12. tʃuɲi

50.  ŋɑptʃu

13. tʃusum

60.  ɖʰuktʃu

14. tʃudʒi

70.  dʰʏntʃu

15. tʃjoŋɑ

80.  ɡʰedzu

16. tʃuʈɑ

90.  ɡʰeptʃu

17. tʃopke

100. ɡʰjɑ / kjɑ

18. tʃurku

200. ɲi ɡʰjɑ / kjɑ

19. ɲisu

1000. toŋ

20. ɲi̤ɕu

2000. ɲi toŋ

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Dubi Nanda Dhakal,  Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal, August 12, 2014.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Dubi Nanda Dhakal, 2014 年 8 月 12 日.

 

Other comments: Tsum has a decimal system similar to that of Mugon and related languages.

            tʃik                   ‘one’                           

ɲi                     ‘two’                          

sum                  ‘three’ 

dʒi                   ‘four’                          

ŋa                    ‘five’                          

ʈu                     ‘six’

thʏn                  ‘seven’                        

ghe                  ‘eight’ 

ghu                  ‘nine’                          

tʃa                    ‘ten’    

 

Ordinal numerals

Times

tʃik       ‘one’   

tʃaptʃik ‘once’ 

ŋama ‘first’/    taŋba

ɲi         ‘two’  

tʃapɲi   ‘twice’

ɲipa ‘second’

sum      ‘three’ 

tʃapsum ‘thrice’          

sumba‘third’

dʒi       ‘four’

tʃapdʒi ‘four times’    

dʒiba ‘fourth’ 

ŋa        ‘five’  

tʃapŋa ‘five times’     

ŋaba ‘fifth’

ʈu         ‘six’

tʃapʈu   ‘six times’       

ʈukpa ‘sixth’

thʏn      ‘seven’

tʃapthʏm ‘seven times’           

tʏmba ‘seventh’          

ghe      ‘eight’ 

tʃapghe‘either times’  

ghepa ‘eighth’

ghu      ‘nine’

tʃapghu ‘nine times’   

ghuba ‘ninth’

tʃa        ‘ten’

tʃaptʃa ‘ten times’      

tʃaba ‘tenth’

Numerals from 11 to 20 are given below.

(__)      tʃutʃi                 ‘eleven’                                  

tʃuɲi                 ‘twelve’                                  

tʃusum                         ‘thirteen’

tʃudʒi               ‘fourteen’                               

tʃjoŋa               ‘fifteen’                                  

tʃuʈa                ‘sixteen’

tʃuplʏn                         ‘seventeen’                             

tʃopke              ‘eighteen’                               

tʃurku             ‘nineteen’

ɲisu                 twenty’

Numerals from 21 to 30 are given below.

(__)      ɲis tʃaʃi            ‘twenty one’                           

ɲitʃa ɲi            ‘twenty two’

ɲitʃa sum         ‘twenty three’

ɲitʃəu   dzi        ‘twenty four’

ɲitʃe ŋa            ‘twenty five’

ɲitʃeʈa             ‘twenty six’

ɲitʃəptʏn           ‘twenty seven’

ɲitʃəpke            ‘twenty eight’

ɲitʃəkku            ‘twenty nine’

sumdzu            ‘thirty’

Numerals from 31 to 40 are given below.

(__)      sumdzusotʃik    ‘thirty one’                             

sumtʃusoɲi     ‘thirty two’

sumtʃusosum ‘thirty three’

sumtʃusodzi   ‘thirty four’

sumtʃusøŋa    ‘thirty five’

sumtʃusjoʈu    ‘thirty six’

sumtʃusjoptʏn            ‘thirty seven’

sumtʃusjopke ‘thirty eight’

sumsorku       ‘thirty nine’

siptʃu              ‘forty’

Numerals from 41 to 50 are given below.

(__)      siptʃusatʃik       ‘forty one’                              

siptʃusjaɲi     ‘forty two’

siptʃusjaʃum ‘forty three’

siptʃusjadzi    ‘forty four’

siptʃuseŋa      ‘forty five’

siptʃuseʈuk     ‘forty six’

siptʃusjaptum            ‘forty seven’

siptʃusjapke   ‘forty eight’

siptʃusjarku   ‘forty nine’

ŋaptʃu             ‘fifty’

Numerals from 51 to 60 are given below.

(__)     ŋaptʃuŋatʃik   ‘fifty one’     

ŋaptʃuŋaɲi     ‘fifty two’

ŋaptʃuŋasum ‘fifty three’

ŋaptʃuŋaudzi             ‘fifty four’

ŋaptʃuŋeŋa     ‘fifty five’

ŋaptʃuŋeʈu     ‘fifty six’

ŋaptʃuŋaptʏn             ‘fifty seven’

ŋaptʃuŋapke ‘fifty eight’

ŋaptʃuŋarku   ‘fifty nine’

ɖhuktʃu           ‘sixty’

Numerals from 61 to 70 are given below.

(__)     ɖhuktʃuratʃik             ‘sixty one’    

ɖhuktʃuraɲi   ‘sixty two’

ɖhuktʃurasum            ‘sixty three’

ɖhuktʃurəudzi           ‘sixty four’

ɖhuktʃureŋa   ‘sixty five’ / ɖhuktʃurema   ‘sixty five’ [check]

ɖhuktʃureʈu   ‘sixty six’

ɖhuktʃurapke            ‘sixty four’

ɖhuktʃurarku ‘sixty nine’

dhʏntʃu           ‘seventy’

Numerals from 71 to 80 are given below.

(__)     dhʏntʃik                      ‘seventy one’

dhʏndzudhʏnŋi          ‘seventy two’

dhʏndzudhʏnsum      ‘seventy three’

dhʏndzudhʏndzi        ‘seventy four’

dhʏndzudhʏnŋa         ‘seventy five’

dhʏndzudhʏnʈuk        ‘seventy six’

dhʏndzudhʏdhʏn       ‘seventy seven’

dhʏndzudhʏnke         ‘seventy eight’

dhʏndzudhʏnku         ‘seventy nine’

ghedzu                                  ‘eighty’

Numerals from 81 to 90 are given below.

(__)     ghetʃughjatʃik                       ‘eighty one’

ghetʃughjaɲi             ‘eighty two’

ghetʃughjasum          ‘eighty three’

ghetʃugheudzi                       ‘eighty four’

ghetʃugheŋa              ‘eighty five’

ghetʃugheuʈu             ‘eighty six’

ghetʃugheptʏn                       ‘eighty seven’

ghetʃughjapke                       ‘eighty eight’

ghetʃughjarku                       ‘eighty nine’

gheptʃu                       ‘ninety’

Numerals from 81 to 90 are given below.

(__)     ghetʃughjatʃik                       ‘eighty one’

ghetʃughjaɲi             ‘eighty two’

ghetʃughjasum          ‘eighty three’

ghetʃughodzi             ‘eighty four’

ghetʃughoŋa              ‘eighty five’

ghetʃughjoeʈu                       ‘eighty six’/   ghetʃughøʈu   [check]

ghetʃughentʏn                       ‘eighty seven’

ghetʃughepke                        ‘eighty eight’

ghetʃughjarku                       ‘eighty nine’

gheptʃu                       ‘ninety’

Numerals from 91 to 100 are given below.

(__)     ghuptʃughøtʃik          ‘ninety one’

ghuptʃughøɲi                        ‘ninety two’

ghuptʃughøsum         ‘ninety three’

ghuptʃughødzi                      ‘ninety four’

ghuptʃughøŋa                       ‘ninety five’

ghuptʃughøʈu                        ‘ninety six’

ghuptʃughøtʏn                       ‘ninety seven’

ghuptʃughøpke         ‘ninety eight’

ghuptʃughorku          ‘ninety nine’

ghja/kja                     ‘hundred’

Some further numerals

(__)     toŋ                               ‘one thousand’

ʈhi                               ‘ten thousand’

bum                             ‘one lakh’

(1)        ɲi         toŋ                   ŋapkju             ɖhuktsurapke                           [<2568]

Two     thousand         five hundred   sixty eight

‘Two thousand five hundred sixty eight’

(1)        ghja                 daŋ      ŋaptʃu                                                              [<150]

Hundred          and      fifty

‘One hundred and fifty’

(1)        tʃik       toŋ                   ŋap      kju                                                       [<1500]

One      thousand         five      hundred

‘One hundred and fifty’


                            

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