Language name and locationː Tshangla (Motuo-Menba), China [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区墨脱门巴, 中国, 不丹

 

1. tʰur

21.  kʰai tʰur daŋ tʰur

2. ɲiktsiŋ

22.  kʰai tʰur daŋ ɲiktsiŋ

3. sam

23.  kʰai tʰur daŋ sam

4. pʃi

24.  kʰai tʰur daŋ pʃi

5. ŋa

25.  kʰai tʰur daŋ ŋa

6. kʰuŋ

26.  kʰai tʰur daŋ kʰuŋ

7. zum

27.  kʰai tʰur daŋ zum

8. jen

28.  kʰai tʰur daŋ jen

9. ɡu

29.  kʰai tʰur daŋ ɡu

10. se

30.  kʰai pʰedaŋ ɲiktsiŋ (lit: 'halfway to 40' )

11. soŋ tʰur

40.  kʰai ɲiktsiŋ ( 20 x 2 )

12. soŋ ɲiktsiŋ

50.  kʰai pʰedaŋ sam (lit: 'halfway to 60' )  *

13. soŋ sam

60.  kʰai sam ( 20 x 3 )

14. soŋ pʃi

70.  kʰai pʰedaŋ pʃ (lit: 'halfway to 80' )*

15. soŋ ŋa

80.  kʰai pʃi ( 20 x 4 )

16. soŋ kʰuŋ

90.  kʰai pʰedaŋ ŋa (lit: 'halfway to 100' )*

17. soŋ zum

100. kʰai ŋa ( 20 x 5 ) / dʑa tʰur

18. soŋ jen

200. kʰai se / dʑa ɲiktsiŋ

19. soŋ ɡu

1000. ɖoŋʈa

20. kʰai tʰur

2000. ɖoŋʈa ɲiktsiŋ

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Erik Andvik, SIL International, August 1, 2006, April 7, 2009.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Erik Andvik, 2006 年 8 月 1 日, 2009 年 4 月 17 日.

 

Other comments: Tshangla has a vigesimal system with very especial constructions for 30, 50, 70 and 90. The word 'pʰedaŋ' means 'halfway to ...  ', so 30 is formed by 'halfway to 40', 50, 70 and 90 is formed by the same method. The numbers 'hundred' and 'thousand' seem to be loanwords from a Tibetan language. Tshangla isn’t really a tonal language, at least the variety I’ve studied in Bhutan. There may be a few isolated tone contrasts but no real functional load. The variety of Tshangla spoken in Pemakö in Tibet may be tonal according to research by Zhang (see citation in my dissertation) but I haven’t investigated it personally.


                            

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