Language name and location: Thakali, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塔卡利, 尼泊尔

 

1. ʈʰi

21.  ŋʰiʃu ʈʰi

2. ŋʰi

22.  ŋʰiʃu ŋʰi

3. som

23.  ŋʰiʃu som

4. plʰi

24.  ŋʰiʃu plʰi

5. ŋʰa

25.  ŋʰiʃu ŋʰa

6. ʈʰu

26.  ŋʰiʃu ʈʰu

7. ŋis

27.  ŋʰiʃu ŋis

8. prʰe

28.  ŋʰiʃu prʰe

9. ku

29.  ŋʰiʃu ku

10. t͡ʃu     cy = IPA [t͡ʃ]

30.  somt͡ʃu

11. t͡səʈʈi   c = IPA [t͡s]

40.  plʰit͡ʃu,    41. plʰit͡ʃu se ʈʰi

12. t͡suŋi

50.  ŋʰat͡ʃu,     52. ŋʰat͡ʃu se ŋʰi

13. t͡susom

60.  ʈʰukt͡ʃu,    66. ʈʰukt͡ʃu se ʈʰu

14. t͡suplʰi

70.  ŋit͡ʃu,       77. ŋit͡ʃu se ŋis

15. t͡saŋa

80.  prʰet͡ʃu,    88. prʰet͡ʃu se prʰe

16. t͡suʈʰu

90.  kuit͡ʃu,     99. kuit͡ʃu se ku

17. t͡səiɲe

100. prʰə

18. t͡sopre

200. 

19. t͡surku

1000

20. ŋʰiʃu   sy = IPA [ʃ]

2000. 

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Ambika Regmi Banjara, Researcher, Linguistic Survey of Nepal (LinSuN), Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhivan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, August 8, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Ambika Regmi Banjara, 2018 年 8 月 8 日.

 

Other comments: Thakali has a decimal numeral system.

Note that the differences between traditional phonetic symbols and IPAː c = IPA [t͡s]; cy = IPA [tʃ]; j = IPA [d͡ʒ], sy = IPA [ʃ].

According to Maria Hari (1970), there are four tones in Thakali: two level tones: high and low and two contour tone: extra-high falling and low-rising-falling.  


Language name and location:  Marpha Thakali, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塔卡利, 尼泊尔

 

1. kiː

21.  ŋɦyusyukiː

2. ŋi:

22.  ŋɦyusyuŋiː

3. som

23.  ŋɦyusyusom

4. pli:

24.  ŋɦyusyupli:

5. ŋʌ:

25.  ŋɦyusyuŋʌː

6. ʈu

26.  ŋɦyusyuʈu

7. ŋis

27.  ŋɦyusyuŋis

8. pre

28.  ŋɦyusyupre

9. ku

29.  ŋɦyusyuku

10. tsyu     tsy = IPA [t͡ʃ] ?

30.  somtsyu

11. t͡sukiː

40.  pliːtsyu

12. t͡suŋi

50.  ŋʌtsyu

13. t͡susom

60.  ʈuktsyu

14. t͡supliː

70.  ŋiːtsyu

15. t͡saŋ

80.  pretsyu

16. t͡suʈu

90.  kuiːtsyu

17. t͡sʌŋiːs

100. prʌ, 200. ŋʌɦiprʌ, 300. somprʌ

18. t͡sopre

400. bʰliː prʌ, 500.ŋʌprʌ, 600.ɖʰuprʌ,

19. t͡surʌku

700. ŋisprʌ, 800. bʰeprʌ, 900.kuprʌ

20. ŋɦyusyu    

2000. ɦadzar < Nepali

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Jhum Prasad Rai, Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhivan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, July, 23, 2018.

供资料的语言学家:  Jhum Prasad Rai, 2018 年 7 月 23 日.

 

Other comments: Marpha Thakali has a decimal numeral system. The data is taken from Marpha village of Mustang district. Note that the differences between traditional phonetic symbols and IPAː c = IPA [t͡s]; cy = IPA [tʃ]; j = IPA [d͡ʒ], sy = IPA [ʃ].


Language name and location: Thakali, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塔卡利, 尼泊尔

 

1. tahi:

21.  ŋihaʃu tahiː

2. ŋahi:

22.  ŋihaʃu ŋahiː

3. som

23.  ŋihaʃu som

4. plahi:

24.  ŋihaʃu plahi:

5. ŋaha:

25.  ŋihaʃu ŋahaː

6. tahu

26.  ŋihaʃu tahu

7. ŋisa

27.  ŋihaʃu ŋisa

8. prʰe

28.  ŋihaʃu prʰe

9. ku

29.  ŋihaʃu ku

10. t͡ʃu     cy = IPA [t͡ʃ]

30.  somt͡ʃu

11. t͡satti   c = IPA [t͡s]

40.  plihat͡ʃu

12. t͡suŋi

50.  ŋhat͡ʃu

13. t͡susom

60.  tuhukt͡ʃu

14. t͡supliː

70.  ŋit͡ʃu

15. t͡saːŋaː

80.  prʰet͡ʃu

16. t͡suttu

90.  kuit͡ʃu

17. t͡saiŋe

100. prʰha

18. t͡sopre

200. ŋʰa

19. t͡surku

1000. kʷaːŋ tʰowa tahi (ahad͡ʒaratahiː)

20. ŋihaʃu   sy = IPA [ʃ]

2000. kʷaːŋ tʰowa tahi ŋahi

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Dr. Tej R. Kansakar, Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhivan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, December 24, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Dr. Tej R. Kansakar, 2013 年 12 月 24 日.

 

Other comments: Thakali has a decimal numeral system. The data is taken from Thakali of Thak Khola area of Southern Mustang.  Note that the differences between traditional phonetic symbols and IPAː c = IPA [t͡s]; cy = IPA [tʃ]; j = IPA [d͡ʒ], sy = IPA [ʃ].


Language name and location: Thakali, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塔卡利, 尼泊尔

 

1. ʈih

21.  ŋihsyu ʈih

2. ŋih

22.  ŋihsyu ŋih

3. som

23.  ŋihsyu som

4. plih

24.  ŋihsyu plih

5. ŋah

25.  ŋihsyu ŋah

6. ʈuh

26.  ŋihsyu ʈuh

7. niɡs

27.  ŋihsyu niɡs

8. preh

28.  ŋihsyu preh

9. ku

29.  ŋihsyu ku

10. tʃyu

30.  somtʃyu

11. tʃʌʈʈi

40.  plihtʃyu

12. tʃuŋi

50.  ŋahtʃyu

13. tʃusom

60.  ʈuhtʃyu

14. tʃupli

70.  ŋitʃyu

15. tʃaŋa

80.  plehtʃyu

16. tʃuʈʈu

90.  kuitʃyu

17. tʃaiŋe

100. prʌh

18. tʃopre

200. 

19. tʃurku

1000.

20. ŋihsyu

2000.

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Narayan Sharma, PhD Student. SOAS, University of London, UK., October 31, 2010.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Narayan Sharma, 2010 年 10 月 31 日.

 

Other comments: Thakali has a decimal numeral system. The compound numerals 21 to 29 need to be checked with new data. Note that the differences between traditional phonetic symbols and IPAː c = IPA [tʃ]; ch = IPA [tʃʰ]; j = IPA [dʒ].


Language name and location: Thakali (Syang), Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区塔卡利, 尼泊尔

 

1. ɡuy13

21.  ni11 syu55 ri13

2. nii53

22.  ni11 syu55 nii13

3. som55

23.  ni11 syu55 som55

4. bli13

24.  ni11 syu55 bli13

5. ŋa13

25.  ni11 syu55 ŋa13

6. truu13

26.  ni11 syu55 truu13

7. nis55

27.  ni11 syu55 nis55

8. bree13

28.  ni11 syu55 bree13

9. ɡuu53

29.  ni11 syu55 ɡuu53

10. dzyuu55

30.  som55 dzyu55

11. tsu55 ɡii13

40.  bli13 dzyu55

12. tsun55 nii13

50.  ŋa13 dzyu55

13. tsu55 som53

60.  trug13 dzyu55

14. tsuu55 bli13

70.  nii55 dzyu55

15. tsaa55 ŋa13

80.  bre13 dzyu55

16. tsu55 truu13

90.  ɡuu53 dzyu55

17. tsee55 nis13

100. bra13

18. tso55 bree13

200. ni11 bra13

19. tsur55 ɡuu55

1000. ha11 tsar55 ɡi13

20. ni11 syu55

2000.

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Yasuhiko Nagano, National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, Japan, December 20, 1992.

供资料的语言学家: 长野泰彦教授 (日本大阪国立民族学博物馆), 1992 年 12 月 20 日.

 

Other comments: Thakali has a decimal system.


                            

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