Language name and locationː Siwa (Siwi), Egypt [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区: 西瓦语, 埃及

 

1. waʜəd ~ əd͡ʒːən, əd͡ʒːən, əd͡ʒːət *

21.  waʜəda wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

2. ətnain ~ sən, sən *

22.  ətnaina wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

3. ətlata   ( < Arabic ) *

23.  ətlata wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

4. arˤbˤəʢa  ( counting and qualifying )

24.  arˤbˤəʢa wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

5. χamsa ( counting and qualifying )

25.  χamsa wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

6. sətti ( counting and qualifying )

26.  sətti wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

7. səbʢa ( counting and qualifying )

27.  səbʢa wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

8. ətmanja ( counting and qualifying )

28.  ətmanja wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. ) 

9. təsˤʢa ( counting and qualifying )

29.  təsˤʢa wa ʢəʃrin ( c. and q. )

10. ʢaʃrˤa ( counting and qualifying )

30.  ətatin ( counting, qualifying )

11. əʜdaʃərˤ (counting),  əʜdaʃ (q.n.)

40.  arˤbˤəʢin ( counting, qualifying )

12. ətˤnaʃərˤ(c.),  ətˤnaʃ (q.n.)

50.  χamsin ( counting, qualifying )

13. ətlətˤaʃərˤ(c.),  ətlətˤaʃ (q.n.)

60.  səttin ( counting, qualifying )

14. arˤbəʢtˤaʃərˤ(c.),  arˤbəʢtˤaʃ (q.n.)

70.  səbʢin ( counting, qualifying ) 

15. əχməstˤaʃərˤ(c.), əχməstˤaʃ (q.n.)

80.  ətmanjin ( counting, qualifying ) 

16. səttˤərˤ(c.), səttˤ (q.n.)

90.  təsˤʢin ( counting, qualifying )  

17. əsbaʢtˤaʃərˤ(c.),  əsbaʢtˤaʃ (q.n.)

100. məjja ( counting, qualifying ) 

18. ətmantˤaʃərˤ(c.),  ətmantˤaʃ (q.n.)

200. məjjətain ( counting, qualifying ) 

19. ətsaʢtˤaʃərˤ(c.),  ətsaʢtˤaʃ (q.n.)

1000. alf ( counting, qualifying )

20. ʢəʃrin ( counting, q.n. ) 

2000. alfain ??? * not attested 

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Christfried Naumann, Doctoral Student, Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. June 26, 2009.
供资料的语言学家: Mr. Christfried Naumann , 2009 年 6 月 26 日.

 

Other comments: The Siwi only retained two traditional Berber numerals: one (əd͡ʒːən, əd͡ʒːən, əd͡ʒːət ) and two (sən). Arabic numerals have been used. Please note that the following remarksː

1. For number one, waʜəd ~ əd͡ʒːən is used for counting; əd͡ʒːən for qualifying

   masculine nouns; əd͡ʒːət for qualifying feminine nouns.

2. For number two, ətnain ~ sən is used for counting; sən for qualifying nouns.

3. numbers three to ten are used both for counting and qualifying nouns.

4. numbers eleven to nineteen has two forms for counting and qualifying nouns.


Phoneme inventory of Siwi (preliminary version, Christfried Naumann) 

36 (38) Consonants (+36~38 long counterparts)

 

labial

labial phar.

alveolar (apical)

alveolar  phar.

palatal (laminal)

velar

velar labialised

uvular

uvular labialised

epiglottal

glottal

vls.

 stops

 

 

t

c (~tʃ͡)

k

q

 

(ʔ)

vd.

stops

b

d

(dˤ)

ɟ (~dʒ͡)

g

 

 

 

 

nasals

 

m

n

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

inter-mittents

 

 

ɾ

ɾˤ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

laterals

 

 

 

l

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vls.

fricatives

f

s

ʃ

 

 

χ

χʷ

ʜ

h

vd.

fricatives

 

 

z

 

 

 

 

ʁ

 

ʁʷ ?

 

ʢ

 

approx-imants

 

 

 

 

j

 

w

[approx.]

[approx.]

[approx.]

 

For all consonants (in principle): phonemic [+/-LONG]! phonotactic distinction between /C:/ and /C+C/ !

 

4 Vowels + 1 or 2 diphtongs

a, i, u, ə (underlying probably only in final syllables); a+i [e:], a+u [o:] ?

i

 

 

u

e? (a+i?)

(restricted distribution)

ə

(restricted distribution)

o? (a+u?)

(restricted distribution)

 

 

a

 

 


 

Back >> [ Home ] [ Afro-Astiatic ]