Language name and locationː Sherdukpen, India  [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区夏杜本 (Sẽnji Nyuk [sẽnd͡ʒi ɲ], Shergaon village 方言), 印度

 

1. han

21.   kʰahanlohan 

2. ɲik

22.   kʰahanloɲit

3. ˀuŋ

23.   kʰahanloˀuŋ

4. pʰsi

24.   kʰahanlopʰsi

5. kʰu

25.   kʰahanlokʰu

6. t͡ʃuk

26.   kʰahanlot͡ʃuk

7. sit

27.   kʰahanlosit

8. sarɡʲat ~ sard͡ʒat

28.   kʰahanlosarɡʲat ~ kʰahanlosard͡ʒat

9. tʰikʰi

29.   kʰahanlotʰikʰi

10. sõn ~ sõ

30.   kʰahanlosõn ~ kʰahanlosõ

11. sõhan  

40.   kʰaɲit ( 2 x 20 )

12. sõɲit

50.   kʰaɲitlosõn ~ kʰaɲitlosõ

13. sõˀuŋ

60.   kʰaˀuŋ (20 x 3)

14. sõmpʰsi

70.   kʰaˀuŋlosõn ~ kʰaˀuŋlosõ

15. sõŋkʰu

80.   kʰapʰsi ( 20 x 4)

16. sõt͡ʃuk

90.   kʰapʰsilosõn ~ kʰapʰsilosõ

17. sõsit

100. kʰakʰu; d͡ʒahan, d͡ʒa; ɡʲohan, ɡʲo

18. sõmsarɡʲat ~ sõmsard͡ʒat

200. kʰasõn ~kʰasõ; d͡ʒaɲit; ɡʲoɲit

19. sõtʰikʰi

1000. eːk hazaːr, hazaːr; toŋto, toŋtohan

20. kʰahan

2000. do hazaːr; toŋtoɲit 

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Tim Bodt, PhD Student, Himalayan Languages Projects, Bern University, Switzerland,  August 27, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Tim Bodt, 2013 年 8 月 27 日.

 

Other comments: The above data is taken from Sẽnji Nyuk [sẽnd͡ʒi ɲ], Shergaon village, Khalaktang circle, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. This language has a basic vigesimal system; 1-20; multiples of one score (twenty).

Unlike the Sartang dialects, the Sherdukpen dialects use the ablative case marker /-lo/ only in numerals 21 and higher, with simplification in numbers 11-19 through loss of this suffix (infix). Syllable-final alternation between velar plosive /k/ and (alveolo-)dental plosive /t/ common; nasal vowels appear to be the result of loss relatively recent loss of syllable-final nasal stops, alternation between nasalized vowel and nasal stop and nasal vowel can still be observed, speakers do not commonly perceive a distinction between the two, and nasalized vowels might not be distinctive. Whereas the older generation still uses the palatalized velar initial /gj/, in the younger generation this is affricated to /j/ [d͡ʒ]. Native khakhu ‘five score = 100’ has been completely replaced by gjo ‘one hundred’ which is in turn rapidly replaced by Bodish loan ja or Hindi सौ [sau]. Numerals above 100 use Hindi or Bodish loans, including one thousand hazaar/tongtra.


Language name and locationː Sherdukpen, India  [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区夏杜本 (Thõngji Nyuk [tʰõŋd͡ʒi ɲuɁ], Rupa village 方言), 印度

 

1. han

21.   kʰaihanlohan

2. ɲik

22.   kʰaihanloɲik  

3. ˀuŋ

23.   kʰaihanloˀuŋ

4. bəsi

24.   kʰaihanlobəsi 

5. kʰu

25.   kʰaihanlokʰu

6. kʰit

26.   kʰaihanlokʰit

7. sik

27.   kʰaihanlosik

8. sarɡʲat ~ sard͡ʒat

28.   kʰaihanlosarɡʲat ~ kʰaihanlosard͡ʒat

9. dikʰi

29.   kʰaihanlodikʰi

10. sõn ~ sõ

30.   kʰaihanlosõn ~ kʰaihanlosõ

11. sõhan

40.   kʰaiɲik ( 2 x 20 )

12. sõɲik

50.   kʰaiɲiklosõn ~ kʰaiɲitlosõ

13. sõˀuŋ

60.   kʰaiˀuŋ ( 3 x 20 )

14. sõmbəsi

70.   kʰaiˀuŋlosõn ~ kʰaiˀuŋlosõ

15. sõŋkʰu

80.   kʰabəsi ( 20 x 4)

16. sõŋkʰit

90.   kʰabəsilosõn ~ kʰabəsilosõ

17. sõsik

100. kʰaikʰu; d͡ʒohan ~ d͡ʒahan; d͡ʒo ~ d͡ʒa

18. sõmsarɡʲat ~ sõmsard͡ʒat

200. kʰaisõn ~kʰaisõ; d͡ʒoɲik ~ d͡ʒaɲik

19. sõndikʰi

1000. (eːk) hazaːr; toŋto(han); d͡ʒosãn~d͡ʒasã

20. kʰaihan; (ɲisõn ~ ɲisõ)

2000. do hazaːr; toŋtoɲik

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Tim Bodt, PhD Students, Himalayan Languages Projects, Bern University, Switzerland,  August 27, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Tim Bodt, 2013 年 8 月 27 日.

 

Other comments: The above data is taken from Thõngji Nyuk [tʰõŋd͡ʒi ɲuɁ] (Sherdukpen), Rupa village, Rupa circle, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Decimalisation of the vigesimal counting system can be observed in Rupa Sherdukpen, but is a recent artificial construction.


Language name and locationː Sherdukpen, India  [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区夏杜本, 印度

 

1. han

21.   khahan-lo-han

2. nyit

22.   khahan-lo-nyit

3. ung

23.   khahan-lo-ung

4. phsi

24.   khahan-lo-phsi

5. khu

25.   khahan-lo-khu

6. chuk

26.   khahan-lo-chuk

7. sit

27.   khahan-lo-sit

8. sarɡyat

28.   khahan-lo-sarɡyat

9. thikhi

29.   khahan-lo-thikhi

10. sõ

30.   khahan-lo-sõ ( 20 + 10 )

11. sahan

40.   khanyit ( 2 x 20 )

12. sanyit

50.   khanyit-lo-sõ

13. saung

60.   khaung ( 3 x 30 )

14. samphsi

70.   khaung-lo-sõ

15. sãngkhu

80.   khaphsi ( 4 x 30 )

16. sãchuk

90.   khaphsi-lo-so~

17. sãsit

100. gyo

18. sãsarɡyat

200.

19. sãthikhi

1000.

20. khahan-lo-han ( one twenty)

2000.

 

Sourceː Rinchin Dondrup, 1988. A Hand book Sherdukpen Language. Directorate of Research, Government of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar, India

 

Other comments: The Sherdukpen has a vigesimal system. The above Sherdukpen numeral system is in orthographic spellings, more reliable data in phonetic form and indicated tones are needed to compare with the old data.


                            

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