Language name and location: Ossetic (Digor dialect), Ossetia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区: 奥塞梯语(迪戈尔方言), 格鲁吉亚,  俄罗斯

 

1. jew

21.  jew ɐma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin jew (decim)

2. duwɐ

22.  duwɐ ɐma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin duwɐ

3. ɐrtɐ

23.  ɐrtɐ (ɐ)ma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin ɐrtɐ

4. t͡supːar

24.  t͡supːar (ɐ)ma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin t͡supːar

5. fond͡z

25.  fond͡z (ɐ)ma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin fond͡z

6. ɐxsɐz

26.  ɐxsɐz (ɐ)ma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin ɐxsɐz

7. avd

27.  avd ɐma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin avd

8. ast

28.  ast ɐma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin ast

9. farast 

29.  farast ɐma insɐj (vig.)/ duwin farast

10. dɐs

30.  s ɐma insɐd͡ʒi (vig.) / ɐrtin (decimal)

11. jewɐndɐs

40.  duwinsɐj (vig.) / t͡supːor (decimal)

12. duwadɐs

50.  s ɐma duwinsɐj * / fɐnd͡zɐj

13. ɐrtindɐs

60.  ɐrtinsɐj; ɐrtin-sɐd͡ʒj/ ɐχsaj  

14. t͡supːɐrdɐs

70.  s ɐma ɐrtinsɐj / ɐvdaj

15. finddɐs

80.  t͡supːar-insɐj; t͡supːar-sɐd͡ʒj / ɐstaj

16. ɐχsɐrdɐs

90.  s ɐma cupːar-sɐd͡ʒj / nawɐd͡zɐ

17. ɐvddɐs

100. fond͡ʒ-insɐj; fondd͡ʒ-insɐd͡ʒi / sɐdɐ

18. ɐstdɐs

200. duwːɐ sɐd-i, 240. duwadɐs-insɐd͡ʒi

19. nɐwudɐs

1000. mijn < Turkic

20. insɐj (vigesimal) / duwin (decimal)

2000. duwːɐ mijn-i

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. David Erschler, Tuebingen Center for Linguistics, University of Tübingen / Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, March 19, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. David Erschler, 2013 年 3 月 19 日

 

Other comments: There are vigesimal and decimal systems in Digor dialect of Ossetic.

1. In everyday speech, for complex numerals, Russian loans are typically used.

2. That said, complex numerals in the decimal count are formed after the pattern
    thousands-hundreds-tens-ones, e.g duwɐ mijn duwɐ sɐdɐ ɐrtin farast two thousand

    two hundred thirty nine ‘2239’.

3. In the vigesimal count, the pattern is ‘thousands hundreds numeral. below. twenty

    and multiple of twenty’.

4. In the vigesimal count, higher multiples of 100 may be expressed decimally.

5. The oblique marker -i appears on ‘hundred’ and ‘thousand’ only if no other numerals

    follow.

6. The status and placement of the stress in both Ossetic languages is unclear, so I do

    not indicate the stress at all.

7. In the Digor shepherd count, the unit of count is two, because sheep were counted

    pair wise. Some numerals have forms different from that in the standard decimal

    count: artin ‘30’, čippor ‘40’, fɐnʣaj ‘50’, aχšej ‘60’, avdej ‘70’, aštej ‘80’. Complex

    numerals are formed as ones-and-tens: cuppar ɐma nawɐ ‘94’. An exception are

    numbers that are equal to eight modulo 10, a special form of the word eight is used

    there without the conjunction: aštin nawɐ ‘98’.

8. There are two options for 50 in vigecimal systemː dɐs ɐma duwinsɐj and dɐs ɐma

    duwin-sɐdʒi.

Ossetic Phonetic Chartː         

 

Consonantsː

 

Bilabial

Labio-Dental

Dental

Alveolar

Palato-

alveolar

Velar

Uvular

Glottal

Stop

p, b, pʼ

 

t, d, tʼ

 

 

k,kʷ, kʼ,kʼʷ ɡ, ɡʷ

q, qʷ

 ʔ

Fricative

     

 f, v

 

    s, z

   š=ʃ,

   ž=ʒ

  

 ʁ, ʁʷ

χ, χʷ

 h

Affricate

 

  c =t͡s, cʼ=t͡sʼ, d͡z

 

č=t͡ʃ,

čʼ=t͡ʃʼ d͡ʒ

 

 

 

Nasal

m

   

n

 

 

 

 

Lateral

 

 

 

     l

 

 

 

 

Trill

 

   

r

 

 

 

 

Glide

 w

   

 

 j

 

 

 

Vowel Chart

 

Front

Central

Back

High  

i

 

u,

Mid-high   

e

 

o

Mid-Low

ɐ

 

 

Low

 

     a

 

 


Language name and location: Ossetic (Iron dialect), Ossetia [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区: 奥塞梯语 (伊龙方言), 格鲁吉亚,  俄罗斯

 

1. īw [iw]

21.  dywwyn iw [dəˈwən ˌiw]

2. dywwæ [dəˈwːæ]

22.  dywwyn dywwæ [dəˈwən dəˈwːæ]

3. ærtæ [ærˈtæ]

23.  dywwyn ærtæ [dəˈwən ærˈtæ]

4. cyppar [səˈpːɑr]

24.  dywwyn cyppar [dəˈwən səˈpːɑr]

5. fondz [fond͡z]

25.  dywwyn fondz [dəˈwən ˈfond͡z]

6. æxsæz [æxˈʃæʒ]

26.  dywwyn æxsæz [dəˈwən æxˈʃæʒ]

7. avd [ɑvd]

27.  dywwyn avd [dəˈwən ˈɑvd]

8. ast [ɑʃt]

28.  dywwyn ast [dəˈwən ˈɑʃt]

9. farast [faˈraʃt]

29.  dywwyn farast [dəˈwən faˈraʃt]

10. dæs [dæʃ]

30.  ærtyn [ˈærtən]

11. iwændæs [jˈuændæʃ]

40.  cyppor [ˈsəpor]

12. dywwædæs [dəˈwːædæʃ]

50.  fændzaj [ˈfænd͡zaj]

13. ærtyndæs [ærˈtəndæʃ]

60.  æxsaj [ˈæxʃai]

14. cyppærdæs [səˈpærdæʃ]

70.  ævdaj [ˈævdaj]

15. fynddæs [fənˈdːæʃ]

80.  æstaj [ˈæstaj]

16. æxsærdæs [æxˈʃærdæʃ]

90.  næwædz [ˈnæwæd͡z]

17. ævddæs [ævˈdːæʃ]

100. sædæ [ˈʃædæ]

18. æstdæs [æʃtˈdæʃ]

200. dywwæ sædæ [ˈdiuwːæ ˌʃædæ]

19. nūdæs [ˈnuːdæʃ]

1000. min [min] < Turkic

20. yssædz [ʃːæd͡z]

2000. dywwæ min [ˈdiuwːæ ˌmin]

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Viatcheslav Ivanov ( St. Petersburg), double checked by Prof. Sasha Lubotsky, University of Leiden, Netherlands, July 6, 2002.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Sasha Lubotsky, 2002 年 7 月 6 日.

 

Other comments: The Iron dialect of Ossetic has a decimal system, the number for thousand is a Turkic loanword.


                            

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