Language name and location: Oksapmin, Sandaun, PNG [Refer toː Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区奥克萨普明语 (高地方言), 巴布亚新几内亚

 

1. tiβəna / tiβən (litː 'thumb') *

21.  tən beza/bez (litː 'side forearm')

2. tipneɾip/tipneɾipᶲ (litː 'index finger')

22.  tən doβa/dop/dopᶲ (litː 'side inner

      wrist')

3. bumɾup/bumɾupᶲ (litː 'middle finger')

23.  tən tiβəna /tiβən (litː 'side thumb)

      (Often the word 'tən' is left out from

       here to the end.)

4. xətɾip /xətɾipᶲ  (litː 'ring finger')

24.  tən tipneɾip/tipneɾipᶲ  (litː 'side index

      finger')

5. xətxəta /xətxət  (litː 'little finger')

25.  tən bumɾup/bumɾupᶲ (litː "side middle

      finger')

6. doβa/dop/dopᶲ (litː 'inner wrist')

26.  tən xətɾip/xətɾipᶲ (litː 'side ring finger')

7. beza /bes (litː 'forearm')

27.  tən xətxəta/xətxət (litː 'side little finger)

8. kiɾ (litː 'elbow')

28.   

9. towat  (litː 'upper arm') 

29.   

10. kata /kat (litː 'shoulder')

30. 

11. ɡweɾa /ɡweɾ (litː 'side of neck') 

40.   

12. nata/nat (litː 'ear')

50. 

13. kina/kin (litː 'eye') 

60.  

14. ɾuma /ɾum (litː 'nose')

70. 

15. tən kin(a) (litː 'side eye') 

80.  

16. tən nata /nat (litː 'side ear')

90. 

17. tən ɡweɾ ( litː 'side side of neck')

100.

18. tən kata /kat (litː 'side shoulder')

200.

19. tən towat (litː' side upper arm')

1000.

20. tən kiɾ ( litː 'side elbow')

2000.

  

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Marshall Lawrence, SIL, Papua New Guinea, December 18, 2018.

提供资的语言: Mr. Marshall Lawrence, 2018 年 12 月 18 日.

 

Other comments: Oksapmin has a body tally system, moving from thumb to index finger, middle finger, ring finger, little finger, inner wrist, forearm, elbow, upper arm shoulder, side of neck, ear, eye, nose then down the other side to eye, ear, side of neck, shoulder, upper arm, elbow, forearm, inner wrist, little finger, ring finger, middle finger, index finger and thumb. The biggest number in this cycle is 27. That unit of once around the body is pu 'unit' (lit: ‘once around the body’)

The above represents the counting system. When it comes to referring to quantity, the following is used.

Robyn's data is from the 'lower dialect' of Oksapmin, whereas mine is from the 'upper' dialect'.

Note on number 'oneː the 'a' sound is in the parentheses is is because it may not be attached to the noun. 


Language name and location: Oksapmin, Sandaun, PNG [Refer toː Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区奥克萨普明语 (高地方言), 巴布亚新几内亚

 

1. tita /tit ‘one’

21. tən besxeⁱ (lit: ‘side forearm+ quantity

     marker')

2. yota /yot ‘two’

22. tən dopxeⁱ (lit: ‘side inner wrist+

     quantity marker’)

3. yitiɾ ‘three’

23.  tən tiβənxeⁱ (litː 'side thumb+ quantity

      marker')

4. yotayota/yotyot ‘four’ (lit: ‘two two’)

24.  tən tipneɾipxeⁱ ('lit: side index finger+

      quantity marker')

5. xətxət timbəs or xanin ‘five’

25.  tən bumɾupxeⁱ (lit: ‘side middle finger+

      quantity marker')

6. doβxeⁱ (lit: ‘inner wrist + quantity

   marker’) (from here on to the end of

   the unit, quantity numbers use the

   counting number plus the quantity

   marker -xeⁱ)

26.  tən xətɾipxeⁱ (lit: 'side ring finger+

      quantity marker')

7. besxeⁱ (litː 'forearm + quantity

   marker')

27.  tən xətxətxeⁱ (lit: ‘side little finger+

     quantity marker')

8. kiɾxeⁱ (lit: ‘elbow + quantity marker’)

28.   

9. towatxeⁱ (litː 'upper arm+ quantity

   marker')

29.   

10. katxeⁱ (litː 'shoulder+ quantity

     marker')

30. 

11. ɡweɾxeⁱ (litː 'side of neck+ quantity

     marker')

40.   

12. natxeⁱ (litː 'ear+ quantity marker')

50. 

13. kinxeⁱ (litː 'eye+ quantity marker')

60.  

14. ɾumxeⁱ (litː 'nose+ quantity marker')

70. 

15. tən kinxeⁱ (litː 'side eye+ quantity

     marker')

80.  

16. tən natxeⁱ (litː 'side ear+ quantity

     marker')

90. 

17. tən ɡweɾxeⁱ (litː 'side side of neck+

     quantity marker')

100.

18. tən katxeⁱ (litː 'side shoulder+

     quantity marker')

200.

19. tən towatxeⁱ (lit: 'side upper arm+

     quantity marker')

1000.

20.  tən kiɾxeⁱ (litː 'side elbow+

     quantity marker')

2000.

  

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Marshall Lawrence, SIL, Papua New Guinea, December 18, 2018.

提供资的语言: Mr. Marshall Lawrence, 2018 年 12 月 18 日.

 

Other comments: Oksapmin has a body tally system, moving from thumb to index finger, middle finger, ring finger, little finger, inner wrist, forearm, elbow, upper arm shoulder, side of neck, ear, eye, nose, then to the other side and down to eye, ear, side of neck, shoulder, upper arm, elbow, forearm, inner wrist, little finger, ring finger, middle finger, index finger and thumb. The biggest unit is 27, or tit pu (lit: ‘the equivalent of once around the body)

Other numbers may by now have been incorporated into the counting system or loan words adapted which I am not aware of. By the time we left the language area (2005), pu ‘unit’ was commonly used to refer to a two kina note – a currency note worth 20 ten toea coins or 20 shillings in the old Australian currency.

 

Here is the practical orthography, along with their phonesː
a [a], a [ə], e [e], i [i], o [o], u [u], u [ʊ], ei [ei], p [p] / [β] /[p
ɸ], 
t [t], tw [tw], k [k], kw [kw], b [b] / [mb], d [d] /[nd], g [g] /[ŋg],
gw [gw], s [s]/[z], h [x]/[ɣ], hw [xw], m [m], n [n], ng [ŋ], y [y], w [w], r [ɾ]


Language name and location: Oksapmin, Sandaun, PNG [Refer toː Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区奥克萨普明语(底地方言), 巴布亚新几内亚

 

1. tipun ( litː 'thumb' )

21.  bes tən '(other) side forearm'

2. ləwatipun ( litː 'index finger')

22.  xadəp tən '(other) side wrist'

3. bumlip ( litː 'middle finger')

23.  xətxət tən '(other) side little finger'

4. xətlip ( litː 'ring finger')

24.  xətlip tən '(other) side ring finger'

5. xətxət ( litː 'little finger')

25.  bumlip tən '(other) side middle finger'

6. xədəp ( litː 'wrist')

26.  ləwatipun tən 'side index finger'

7. bes ( litː 'forearm')

27.  tipun tən '(other) side thumb'

8. armun ( litː 'elbow')

28.   

9. tuwət ( litː 'upper arm')

29.   

10. kat ( litː 'shoulder')

30. 

11. ɡwel ( litː 'side of neck')

40.   

12. nat ( litː 'ear')

50. 

13. kin ( litː 'eye')

60.  

14. lum ( litː 'nose')

70. 

15. kin tən  (litː '(other) side eye')

80.  

16. nat tən ( litː '(other) side ear')

90. 

17. ɡwel tən ( litː '(other) side of neck')

100.

18. kat tən ( litː '(other) shoulder')

200.

19. tuwət tən '(other) side upper arm'

1000.

20. amun tən ( litː '(other) side elbow')

2000.

  

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Robyn Loughnane, Department of Linguistics, University of Melbourne, Australia, August 11, 2008.

提供资的语言: Dr. Robyn Loughnane, 2008 年 8 月 11 日.

 

Other comments: Oksapmin has a body tally system, moving from thumb to index finger, middle finger, ring finger, little finger, wrist, forearm, elbow, upper arm shoulder, side of neck, ear, eye, nose and again from other side of eye, ear, side of neck, shoulder, upper arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, little finger, ring finger, middle finger, index finger and thumb. The biggest number in this cycle is 27.


                            

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