The Nilo-Saharan Languages


  1. Bertaː Berta
  2. Central Sudanic:
    1. East:  
      1. Lenduː Lendu, Ndrulo, Ngiti
      2. Mangbetuː Asoa, Lombi, Mangbetu
      3. Mangbutu-Efeː Bendi, Efe, Lese, Mamvu, Mvuba, Ndo
      4. Moru-Madiː
              i. Centralː Aringa, Avokaya, Keliko, Logo, Lugbara, Omi
             ii. Northernː Moru
            iii. Southernː Olu'bo, Ma'di, Southern Ma'di  
    2. West:
      1. Bongo-Bagirmiː
              i. Bongo-Bakaː 
                     Baka, Bongo, Jur Modo, Beli, Mittu, Mo'da, Morokodo, Nyamsa-Molo
             ii. Karaː Bagiro,
        Gula, Yulu
            iii. Sara-Bagirmiː
                     Birri, Fongoro
                     Bagirmiː
                          Bagirmi, Disa, Gula, Fer, Jaya, Kenga, Morom, Naba
                     Saraː
                          Sara Properː
                           
           Bébot, Bedjond, Dagba, Gor, Gulay, Horo, Kabba, Laka, Mango, Mbay, Ngam, Ngambay, Sar
                             
        Sara Kaba: Kaba Deme, Kaba Naa Sara, Kufla, Sara Kaba
                          Valeː Vale, Lutos
            iv. Sinyarː Sinyar
      2. Kreshː Aja, Gbaya
  3. Eastern Sudanic:
    1. Eastern:
      1. Eastern Jebelː
              i. Aka-Kelo-Moloː Aka, Kelo, Molo
             ii. Gaamː Gaahmg
      2. Naraː Nara
      3. Nubianː
              i. Central:
                     Dongolawiː Andaandi (Kenuzi-Dongola), Mattokki
                     Hillː Ghulfan, Kadaru, Dilling, Dair, El Hugeirat, Karko, Wali
             ii. Northernː Nobiin
            iii. Southernː Midob
      4. Surmicː
              i. Northː Majang
             ii. Southː
                     Southeastː
                           Kwegu, Me'en, Suri, Mursi
                     Southwestː
                           Didinga, Narim, Murle, Tennet, Kacipo-Balesi
    2. Kuliak 
      1. Ikː Ik
      2. Ngangea-Soː Nyang'i, Soo
    3. Niloticː  
      1. Easternː
              i. Bariː Bari, Kakwa, Mandari
             ii. Lotuxo-Tesoː
                     Lotuxo-Maaː
                          Lotuxoː
                              Dongotono, Lango, Lokoya, Lopit, Otuho
                          Ongamo-Maaː
                               Maasai, Ngasa, Samburu
                     Teso-Turkanaː
                          Tesoː Teso
                          Turkanaː
                              Karamojong, Nyangatom, Toposa, Turkana
      2. Southernː
              i. Kalenjinː
                     Elgonː Kupsabiny, Sabaot
                     Nandi-Marakwetː
                          Kipsigis: Kipsigis
                          Marakwetː Endo,
        Cherang'any
                          Nandiː
                              Keiyo, Kisankasa, Nandi, Terik, Tugen
                      Okiekː Okiek
                      Pokotː Pökoot
             ii. Tatogaː Omotik, Datooga
      3. Westernː
              i. Dinka-Nuerː
                     Dinkaː
                          South Central Dinka, Southwestern Dinka, Northeastern Dinka, Northwestern Dinka,
                          Southeastern Dinka
                     Nuerː Reel, Nuer
             ii. Luoː
                    Northernː
                         Anuak,
        Belanda Bor, Luwo, Burun, Jumjum, MabaanPäri, Shilluk, Thuri
                    Southernː
                       Acholi, Adhola, Alur, Dholuo, Kuman, Lango
    4. Western:  
      1. Dajuː
              i. Eastern Dajuː Logorik, Shatt
             ii. Western Dajuː
                      Baygo, Dar Fur Daju, Dar Sila Daju, Dar Daju, Njagulgule 
      2. Nyimangː Afitti, Ama
      3. Tamaː
              i. Mararitː Mararit
             ii. Tama-Sungorː Assangori, Tama
      4. Temeinː Tese, Temein
  4. Komuzː
    1. Gumuzoid: Daats'iin, Gumuz
    2. Koman: Kwama, T'apo(Opuuo), Uduk, Komo
  5. Kunamaː Kunama
  6. Maban:
    1. Karanga: Karanga
    2. Mabang:  
      1. Kendeje: Kendeje
      2. Maba: Maba, Marfa
      3. Masalit: Masalit, Surbakhal
      4. Runga-Kibetː Kibet, Runga
  7. Saharan:
    1. Easternː Zaghawa
    2. Western:  
      1. Kanuri: Kanembu, Bilma Kanuri, Manga Kanuri, Tumari Kanuri, Yerwa Kanuri Central Kanuri
      2. Tebu: Dazaga, Tedaga
  8. Songhai:
    1. Korandje: Korandje
    2. Northernː Tadaksahak, Tasawaq
    3. Southernː Dendi, Humburi Senni Songhay, Koyra Chini Songhay, Koyraboro Senni Songhay, Tondi Songway Kiini, Zarma
  9. Unclassifiedː Kanga, Katcha-Kadugli-Miri, Keiga, Krongo, Tulishi, Tumtum
  10. Furː Amdang, Fur

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