Language name and location: Mru, Bangladesh [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区姆鲁语, 孟加拉

 

1. lak42

21.  pir31mi32 laj33 lak53

2. pre:32

22.  pir31mi32 laj33 preː44

3. ʃʊm32

23.  pir31mi32 laj33 ʃʊm44

4. tʼliː34

24.  pir31mi32 laj33 tʼli34

5. tʼŋaː34

25.  pir31mi32 laj33 tʼŋa34

6. trʊːk423 

26.  pir31mi32 laj33 trʊːk423

7. rə33niːt323

27.  pir31mi32 laj33 33niːt423

8. 33jaːt423

28.  pir31mi32 laj33 rʼjaːt423

9. tə33kʊː34

29.  pir31mi32 laj33 tʰkuː34

10. hə33mʊt42

30.  ʃʊŋ33 kɔm32

11. laj33 lak53

40.  liː33 kɔm44

12. laj33 preː44

50.  ŋa33 kɔm44

13. laj33 ʃʊm44

60.  trʊːk33 kɔm44

14. laj33 tʼli34

70.  44niːt22 kɔm33

15. laj33 tʼŋa34

80.  44jaːt42 kɔm33

16. laj33 trʊːk423

90.  tə33kʊː34 kɔm44

17. laj33 33niːt423

100. ə33 kɔm22

18. laj33 rʼjaːt423

200. preː33 kɔm22

19. laj33 tʰkuː34

1000. pă4 tʰauŋ2 ~atʰauŋ2  ? < Burmese

20. pir31mi32

2000. prɛ4 tʰauŋ2  ?

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Michael Lefkowitz, PhD student in linguistics,

University of California, Los Angels, USA. March 21, 2012.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Michael Lefkowitz , 2012 年 3 月 21 日.

 

Other comments: Mru has a decimal system, other higher numbers are as followings:

300. ʃʊm33kɔm32, 400. t’li:34kɔm44ma32, 500. t’ŋa:34 kɔm44ma32, 600.*trʊ:k??kɔm44ma32, 700. ??ni:t??kɔm44ma32

  • The morphemes for 2, 3, 4, and 5 have (at least) two allomorphs, which occur in the environments shown below.
  • The morphemes for 7 and 8 seem to be spoken sesquisyllabically in the second environment (II), unless the word is slowly articulated.  In any case, they sound shorter than when spoken in the first environment (I).

Mru has 4 (or possibly 8) contour tones, and a bunch of high back vowels which all sound more or less the same to non-native speakers.  It also has a number of optional enclitics that are abundant in natural speech, but elude glossing.


Language name and location: Mru (Mro), Bangladesh [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区姆鲁语, 孟加拉

 

1. ləu̯, lɔk

21.  pirmiilai̯lɔk

2. prɛ

22.  pirmiilai̯prɛ

3. ʃuːm

23.  pirmiilai̯ʃuːm  

4. tɪlːi

24.  pirmiilai̯tɪlːi

5. tɨŋa

25.  pirmiilai̯tɨŋa

6. təruk  

26.  pirmiilai̯təruk

7. rənit

27.  pirmiilai̯nit

8. ria̯t

28.  pirmiilai̯ria̯t

9. tɔku

29.  pirmiilai̯tɔku

10. həmʉt

30.  ʃuːmi

11. lai̯lɔk

40.  likɔm

12. lai̯prɛ

50.  ŋakɔm

13. lai̯ʃum  

60.  tərukːom

14. lai̯tɪlːi

70.  rənitkom

15. lai̯tɨŋa

80.  ria̯tkom

16. lai̯təruk

90.  tɔkːukom

17. lai̯rənit

100. akom, kom

18. lai̯ria̯t

200. prɛkomːa

19. lai̯tɔkːu

1000. atʰoŋ, tʰəu̯ŋ   < Burmese

20. pirmi

2000. prɛ atʰoŋ

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Mridul Sangma, SIL International, December 18, 2008.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Mridul Sangma, 2008 年 12 月 18 日.

 

Other comments: 


Language name and location: Mru, Bangladesh [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区姆鲁语, 孟加拉

 

1. lək1

21.  piːr31mlai4 lək1

2. prɛ2

22.  piːr31mlai4 prɛ2

3. tsʰɔm2

23.  piːr31mlai4 tsʰɔm2

4. tă4li1

24.  piːr31mlai4 tă4li1

5. tă4ŋa1

25.  piːr31mlai4 tă4ŋa1

6. tăro

26.  piːr31mlai4 tăro1

7. tănit3

27.  piːr31mlai4 tănit3

8. rĭyaːt3

28.  piːr31mlai4 rĭyaːt3

9. tăku1

29.  piːr31mlai4 tăku1

10. hămuət

30.  tsʰɤŋ4 kɔm2

11. (hă)lai4 lək1

40.  li1 kɔm1

12. (hă)lai4 prɛ2

50.  ŋa1 kɔm1

13. (hă)lai4 tsʰɔm2

60.  tăro1 kɔm2

14. (hă)lai4 tă4li1

70.  tănit3 kɔm1

15. (hă)lai4 tă4ŋa1

80.  rĭyaːt3 kɔm1

16. (hă)lai4 tăro1

90.  tăku1 kɔm1

17. (hă)lai4 tănit3

100. pă4 kɔ̆m2

18. (hă)lai4 rĭyaːt3

200. prɛ4 kɔ̆m2

19. (hă)lai4 tăku1

1000. pă4 tʰauŋ2 ~atʰauŋ2   < Burmese

20. piːr31mi2

2000. prɛ4 tʰauŋ

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Lorenz G. Löffler, University of Zürich, Switzerland, 17 March, 1995. Reference sourceː  Luce, H.G. 1960's Mru materials.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Lorenz G. Löffler, 1995 年 3 月 17 日.

 

Other comments: 

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