Language name and locationː Dirang Monpa, India [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区迪朗门巴, 印度


1. t̪ʰur

21.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe t̪ʰur

2. ɲiktsiŋ

22.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe ɲiktsiŋ

3. tsam / sam

23.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe tsam

4. pʃi

24.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe pʃi

5. ŋa

25.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe ŋa

6. kʰuŋ

26.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe kʰuŋ

7. zum

27.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe zum

8. jen

28.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe jen

9. ɡu

29.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe ɡu

10. se

30.  kʰəi t̪ʰur ɡe se (lit: '20+10')

11. soŋ t̪ʰur

40.  kʰəi ɲiktsiŋ ( 20 x 2 )

12. soŋ ɲiktsiŋ

50.  kʰəi ɲiktsiŋ ɡe se (lit: '40+10')

13. soŋ sam

60.  kʰəi sam ( 20 x 3 )

14. soŋ pʃi

70.  kʰəi sam ɡe se  (lit: '60+10')

15. soŋ ŋa

80.  kʰəi pʃi ( 20 x 4 )

16. soŋ kʰuŋ

90.  kʰəi pʃi ɡe se (lit: '80+10')

17. soŋ zum

100. ɡʲa t̪ʰur, 200. ɡʲa ɲiktsiŋ

18. soŋ jen

400. ɡʲa pʃi,   800. ɡʲa jen

19. soŋ ɡu

1000. t̪oŋʈʰa  t̪ʰur

20. kʰəi t̪ʰur

2000. t̪oŋʈʰa ɲiktsiŋ


Linguist providing data and dateː Miss Ankita Karmakar/ əŋkit̪a karmakar/অঙ্কিতা কর্মকার (Junior Resource Person) Scheme For Protection and Preservation of Endangered languages Central Institute of Indian Languages {Ministry of HRD, Department of Higher Education, GOI }, Mansagangotri, Mysore - 570006, India.  May 14, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Miss Ankita Karmakar, 2018 年 5 月 14 日.


Other comments: Dirang Monpa has been classified as a dialect of Tshangla in the 20th  Ethnologue, and the basic Dirang Monpa numbers are nearly identified with Tshangla ones.  Dirang Monpa has a vigesimal system.

Note: Tone is the significant part of the Tibeto-Burman languages. So we have to look into this since Dirang Monpa is also classified as a Tibeto- Bumran language. K. Das Gupta has observed that Dirang Monpa has a 2-way lexical tone contrast. Although he does not mark tone, he lists the following minimal pairs. But I found them as homophonous words. Which has same pronunciation but meaning differs.

   kʰu  ‘Dog’                kʰu  ‘Rice’                                       

   ʃʲa   ‘Meat’               ʃʲa   ‘Tooth’                                               

   ra   ‘Brass’               ra    ‘Paddy’

    ŋa   Fish’                ŋa    ‘Full’

   ʃi    ‘Excretion’        ʃi    ‘Bamboo’


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