Language name and locationː Enlhet (Lengua), Paraguay [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区恩勒特 (伦瓜), 巴拉圭

 

1. ɬama

2. aʔnet (litː 'two, some, a few')

3. naʔatkeʔ                 

4. nook-nekhaʔ (litː 'equal to one side (of my hand)')

5. ɬama-emek (lit: 'one hand of me' )

6. ɬama-mook-eemek (lit: 'one at my other hand')

7. aʔnet-mook-eemek  (lit: 'two at my other hand')

8. naʔatke-mook-eemek  (lit: 'three at my other hand')

9. nook-nekha-mook-eemek  (lit: 'four at my other hand')

10. saʋhook-emeok (lit: 'completed my hands')

11. ɬama-eemnek (lit: 'one at my foot')

12. aʔnet-eemnek  (lit: 'two at my foot')

13. naʔatkeʔ-eemnek  (lit: 'three at my foot')

14. nook-nekhaʔ-eemnek (lit: 'four at my foot')

15. saʋhook-eemnek  (lit: 'completed my foot')

16. ɬama-mook-eemnek  (lit: 'one at my other foot')

17. aʔnet-mook-eemnek  (lit: 'two at my other foot')

18. naʔatke-mook-eemnek (lit: 'three at my other foot')

19. nook-nekha-eemnek (lit: 'four at my other foot')

20. saʋhook-emankok  (lit: 'completed my feet')

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Hannes Kalisch, Nengvaanemkeskama,  Nempayvaam Enlhet, Ya’alve-Saanga, Paraguay. January 22, 2013.

提供资的语言: Mr. Hannes Kalisch, 2013 年 1 月 22 日.

 

Other comments: Enlhet or Lengua has a traditional counting system up to twenty

made up by the reference to hands and feet.

For 1, they use exclusively Enlhet

For 2, they use Enlhet and Spanish (tos)

For 3, they use occasionally Enlhet and mainly Spanish (tres)

For 4, they use exclusively Spanish (kwatro), only some older speakers use the Enlhet form rarely

For, 5-20, they use Spanish, only a few elders know the ancient forms mentioned above; other numerals (21 to 2000) are not remembered.

* source:

Unruh, Ernesto; Kalisch, Hannes. 2001. Ya’alva Pangcalhva II. Mooc mokham apque­lel­­tem­nay­cam’ apquel­vaan­­­yam’ enlhet acteemaclha’ apquelvetangvaeclhoo apque­ley­vaam na­noo’ nahan sec­lhooc ap­quel­nay­’a Ya’alve-Saanga. Biblioteca Paraguaya de An­­tro­po­lo­gía, Vol. 38. Ya’alve-Saanga: Neng­vaanem­quescama Nempayvaam Enlhet. Pp.: 330-331.

* 2, 3, 4 ( and 7-9, 12-14, 17, 19, respectively) indicate the gender of the entity which is counted:

aɁnet (fem), apkaanet (masc), engkaanet (1.pl)

naɁatkeɁ (fem), apnaɁatkeɁ (masc), engnaɁatkeɁ (1.pl)

nook-nekhaɁ (fem), nook-naapokhaɁ (masc), nook-nenghekhaɁ (1.pl)

* some notes to the syntactic use of numerals you can find in: Pp. 135-136 of

Kalisch, Hannes. 2010. Los constituyentes de la cláusula Enlhet (Enlhet-enenlhet). Esbozo de una cláusula omnipredicativa. In: Lucía A. Golluscio y Alejandra Vidal. Les langues du Chaco. Amerindia 33/34 (2009-2010): 109-150.

 

Ehlhet phonemic chart:

 

Consonantsː

 

Labial

Alveolar

 Velar

Glottal

Plosives

p

     t

    k

ʔ

Fricatives

    

   s

    x

    h

Lateral

 

     ɬ

 

 

Nasals

m

    n

ŋ

 

Glottalized nasals

    mˀ

    nˀ

ŋˀ

 

Lat.approximant

 

   l

   

Approximants

    ʋ

 

    j

 

Glottalized approximants

    ʋˀ

 

    jˀ

 

 

Vowelsː

 

Front

Central

Back

Mid

   e

  

    o

Low

 

      a

   

Enlhet permits the lengthening of consonants and vowels


 

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