Language name and location: Kulung, Nepal, Sikkim [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区库隆语, 尼泊尔, 锡金

 

1. ɪk

21.  nɪspɔŋɪ

2. nɪs

22.  nɪspɔŋnɪ

3. sʊk

23.  nɪspɔŋsʊ

4. lɪk

24.  nɪspɔŋlɪ

5. ŋak

25.  nɪspɔŋŋa

6. tʊk

26.  nɪspɔŋtʊ

7. nʊp

27.  nɪspɔŋnʊ

8. rek

28.  nɪspɔŋre

9. bəu

29.  nɪspɔŋbəʊ

10. ɪkpɔŋ

30.  sʊkpɔŋ

11. ɪkpɔŋɪ

40.  lɪkpɔŋ

12. ɪkpɔ

50.  ŋakpɔŋ

13. ɪkpɔŋ

60.  tʊkpɔŋ

14. ɪkpɔŋli  

70.  nuppɔŋ

15. ɪkpɔŋŋa

80.  rekpɔŋ

16. ɪkpɔŋ

90.  bəʊpɔŋ

17. ɪkpɔŋ

100. ɪkcundulum  

18. ɪkpɔŋre

200. nɪscundulum

19. ɪkpɔŋbəʊ

1000. ɪkbukʰo

20. nɪspɔŋ

2000. nɪsbukʰo

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Prem Chandra Kulung, Faculty of Education,

Tribhuvan University Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal through Mr. Indra Kulung,

August 4, 2013.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Prem Chandra Kulung, 2013 年 8 月 4 日.

 

Other comments: The Kulung numerals that I sent you last month is the original one but are only practiced in very rare group or persons of the Kulung society. It is frequently not used in day to day communication because of the Nepali Devanagari numerals.

 

Kulung Phonemic Chart

Vowel sounds:

Monophthongs

front                      central                 back

unrounded         unrounded         rounded

high       I, I:                                                         u, u:

mid        e, e:                        «, «:                        o, o:

low                                        a, a:       

 

Diphthongs

front                      central                 back

unrounded         unrounded         rounded

UI

eI                      «                  oI

ai

Iu

eu                                             oU

au

 

 

Consonant sounds      

                  place of

                  articulation

 

manner

of articulation

bilabial

dental

alveolar

palatal

velar

glottal

Stops

voiceless unaspirated

p

t

 

 

k

 

voiceless aspirated

ph

th

 

 

kh

 

voiceless unaspirated

b

d

 

 

g

 

voiceless aspirated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fricatives

voiceless unaspirated

 

 

s

 

 

 

voiceless aspirated

 

 

 

 

 

h

Affricatives

voiceless unaspirated

 

 

 

c

 

 

voiceless aspirated

 

 

 

ch

 

 

voiceless unaspirated

 

 

 

j

 

 

voiceless aspirated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trill

voiceless unaspirated

 

 

r

 

 

 

Laterals

voiceless unaspirated

 

 

l

 

 

 

Nasals

voiceless unaspirated

m

 

n

 

N

 

Frictionless Continuants

voiceless unaspirated

w

 

 

y

 

 

 


Language name and locationː Kulung, Nepal, Sikkim [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区库隆语, 尼泊尔, 锡金

 

1. i

21.   ?

2. ni

22.   

3. su

23.   

4. li

24.   

5. ŋa

25.   

6. t̪uk

26.   

7. nuk, e

27.   

8. rek

28.  

9. bɔu

29.   ?

10. pɔŋ

30.  suppɔŋ

11. pɔŋi

40.  likpɔŋ

12. pɔŋni

50.  ŋakpɔŋ

13. pɔŋsu

60.  t̪ukpɔŋ

14. pɔŋli  

70.  nupɔŋ

15. pɔŋŋa

80.  retpɔŋ

16. pɔŋt̪uk

90.  bɔupɔŋ

17. pɔŋnuk

100. ikluŋ 

18. pɔŋrek

200.  ?

19. pɔŋbɔu

1000. tʃund̪ulu

20. nispɔŋ

2000. ?

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Udaya Singh and Linguistic and Cultural Documentation team, Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, India.

December 22, 2008.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Udaya Singh and his term members, 2008 年 12 月 22 日.

 

Other comments: There are missing terms, updated data needed.


Language name and location: Kulung, Nepal [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区库隆语, 尼泊尔

 

1. ibhim / ubum ~ ibum  ***

21.  ekkais

2. nicci / nittsi

22.  bais

3. supci / suptsi

23.  teis

4. lici /litsi

24.  caubis

5. ŋaci / ŋatsi

25.  paccis

6. tukci / tuktsi

26.  chabbis

7. bhoci / botsi

27.  satais

8. retci /rettsi

28.  aththais

9. noci / botsi

29.  unantīs

10. ikpoŋ / poŋ

30.  sukpoŋ

11. eghar  / poŋ ubum

40.  likpoŋ

12. bara / poŋ nittsi

50.  ŋakpoŋ

13. tera  / poŋ ŋatsi

60.  tukpoŋ

14. caudha  

70.  bhocipoŋ

15. pandhra 

80.  retpoŋ

16. sora / poŋ  tuktsi

90.  nocipoŋ

17. satra  / poŋ  botsi

100. ikbu  / tsundulu *

18. athara  / poŋ rettsi

200. 

19. unnais  / poŋ botsi

1000.

20. ŋipoŋ  / nispoŋ

2000.

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jadranka Gvozdanović, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, July 18, 1994. Additional data provided by Ms. Mari-Sisko Khadgi and Mr. David Rutherford, Informantː Bhupa Dhoj Thomros. March 15, 2007.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Jadranka Gvozdanović, 1994 年 7 月 18 日.

 

Other comments: Kulung traditional numerals 1 to 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100 still be used. 


                            

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