Language name and locationː Kanauji, Uttar Pradesh, India [Refer to Ethnologue]
言名称和分布地区: 卡瑙基语, 印度北部北方

 

1. ek / jak

21. ekəɪs

2. d̪ʊɪ

22. baɪs

3. t̪in

23. t̪eɪs

4. t̪ʃar / t̪ʃa

24. t̪ʃəʊbis

5. pãʧ

25. pət̪ʃis

6. t̪ʃʰɛ

26. t̪ʃʰəbbɪs

7. sat̪

27. sət̪t̪aɪs

8. aʈʰ

28. əʈʈʰaɪs

9.  nɔ

29. ʊnt̪ɪs ( 30 - 1 )

10. d̪əs

30. t̪is

11. ɡjara

40. t̪ʃalɪs

12. bara

50. pət̪ʃas

13. tera

60. saʈʰ

14. t̪ʃəʊd̪a

70. sət̪t̪ər

15. pənd̪ra

80. əssi

16. sola

90. nəbbe

17. sat̪t̪ra

100. sɔ, 200. dʊɪ sɔ

18. əʈʰara

400. t̪ʃar sɔ, 800. aʈʰ sɔ

19. unəɪs ( 20 - 1 )

1000. ek hadʒar / hadʒar

20. bis

2000. dʊɪ hadʒar

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Pankaj Dwivedi, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar प्रवक्ता-सह-कनिष्ठ शोध अधिकारी | Lecturer-cum-Junior Research Officer प्रभारी- पदाधिकारी | Officer-In-Charge, राष्ट्रीय परिक्षण सेवा | National Testing Services भारतीय भाषा संस्थान मैसूर | Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore. उच्चतर शिक्षा विभाग | Department of Higher Education, भाषा प्रकोष्ठ | Language Bureau मानव संसाधन विकास मंत्रालय | Ministry of Human Resource Development भारत सरकार | Government of India, India, May 25, 2020.
供资料的语言学家: Dr. Pankaj Dwivedi, 2020 年 5 月 25 日.

 

Other comments: Kanauji has a decimal system similar to that of the Hindi language.  This language is spoken in six districts of Uttar Pradesh: Farrukhabad, Hardoi Shahjahanpur, Pilibhit, Etawah and Kanpur. Reported on 22nd Ethnologue: Alternate Names: Bhakha, Braj, Braj Kanauji, Dehati, Hindi, Kannauji. Autonym: Dehati. User Population: 6,000,000 (Dwivedi and Kar 2016). Location: Uttar Pradesh state: Auraiya, Etawah, Farrukhabad, Hardoi, Kanpur, Pilibhit, Mainpuri, and Shahjahanpur districts. Language Status: Threatened. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Western Hindi, Unclassified: Dialects: Kanauji Proper, Tirhari, Transitional Kanauji. Transitional Kanauji dialect is between Kanauji and Awadhi. Grierson and Konow call it a form of Braj Bhasha. The variety spoken in Kannauj and Farrukhabad is considered the pure form (Grierson and Konow 1903–1928). Lexical similarity: 84%–97% between all varieties of Kanauji, 72%–76% with Bundeli, 70%–78% with Braj Bhasha, 83%–94% with Hindi. Language Use: Shifting to Hindi. In urban areas, almost replaced by Hindi, while in rural areas, Kanauji is still functional (Dwivedi and Kar 2016). Various domains. Some young people, all adults. Negative attitudes. Most also use Hindi, the less-educated having lower proficiency. Kanauji may be only a name given by scholars. Language not commonly referred to as Kanauji. Very low identity. Regard their language as a variety of Hindi. However, a small local group is interested in promoting Kanauji before it dies out. Kanauji phonemic chartsː

 

 

Front

Central

Back

High

i

 

u

Lower High

ɪ

 

ʊ

Mid

e

ə

o

Lower Mid

ɛ

 

ɔ

Low

         a                 

 

 

 

 

 

Bilabial

Labio-dental

Alveolar

Dental

Retroflex

Palatal

Velar

Glottal Stop

Nasal

m

 

n

 

ɳ

(ɲ)

(ŋ)

 

 

 

 

 

h

Plosive

p  ph

 

 

t̪  t̪h

ʈ  ʈh

 

k kh

b  bh

 

 

d̪ d̪h

ɖ ɖh

ɡ ɡh

Fricative

 

s

 

Affricates

 

ʧ ʧh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ʤ ʤh

Laterals

 

 

l

 

 

 

Semi-Vowels

w

 

ј

Trill

 

 

r

 

 

 

Tap/flap

 

 

 

 

ɽ

ɽh

 

 

 

 


 

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