Language name and location: Hruso (Aka), India [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区赫鲁索语, 印度

 

1. a

21. bɨʃa-jɔ-a

2. kʃə

22. bɨʃa-jɔ-kʃə

3. zɨ     

23. bɨʃa-jɔ-zɨ 

4. psəɣi   

24. bɨʃa-tʰ-psəɣi

5. pʰʊm                                             

25. bɨʃa-tʰ-pʰʊm

6. ɣe                                        

26. bɨʃa-tʰ-ɣe

7. mrɔ                             

27. bɨʃa-tʰ-mrɔ

8. ʃəgʤ                                              

28. bɨʃa-tʰ-ʃəgʤ

9. st̪ʰɨ

29. bɨʃa-tʰ st̪ʰɨ

10. ɣɨ

30. zɨ-ɣə                          

11. ɣɨ-jə-a

40. pʰie-ɣə                      

12. ɣɨ-jə-kʃə

50. pʰʊm-ɣə

13. ɣɨ-jə-zɨ

60. ɣe-ɣə                         

14. ɣɨ-tʰrə-psəɣi

70. mrɔ-ɣə                       

15. ɣɨ-tʰrə-pʰʊm

80. ʃiɡzə-ɣə                       

16. ɣɨ-tʰrə-ɣe

90. st̪ʰɨ-ɣə                                 

17. ɣɨ-tʰrə-mrɔ

100. fuɣa

18. ɣɨ-tʰ-ʃəgʤ

200. fu-kʃə   400. fu-psəɣi  800. fu-ʃəgʤ

19. ɣɨ-tʰrə-st̪ʰɨ

1000. haza-ɣa 

20. bɨʃa

2000. haza-kʃə  

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Lucky Dey, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India, September 24, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Lucky Dey, 2018 年 9 月 24 日.

 

Other comments: Hruso has a decimal numeral system. The numerals above ten are compounded by mathematical operations of multiplication and addition. Morphologically, prefix fu- means ‘hundred’ and fuɣa ‘one hundred’, can be seen as the highest number and numerals beyond this are built with fu- prefixed to the multiplier. The numerals bɨʃa ‘twenty’ and hazaɣa ‘thousand’ are Indic loan words.Hruso is spoken in southern area of Kameng district Arunachal Pradesh, India.


Language name and location: Hruso (Aka), India [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区赫鲁索语, 印度

 

1. a [a]

21. büsha yo a [bɨʂa jo a]

2. ksü [ksɨ]

22. büsha yo ksü [bɨʂa jo k]

3. dzü [dzɨ]

23. büsha yo dzü [bɨʂa jo dzɨ]

4. piĝi /pi1 [pçiʝi] /pçiː] /piɣi/ or /pi/

24. büsha yo piĝi [bɨʂa jo pʝiʝi]

5. pom [pom]

25. büsha yo om [bɨʂa jo pom]

6. ĝe [ʝe] /ɣe/

26. büsha yo ĝe [bɨʂa jo ʝé]

7. mro [mɹo] /mʐo/

27. büsha yo mro [bɨʂa jo mɹó]

8. ŝügzü [sɨɡzɨ]

28. büsha yo ŝügzü [bɨʂa jo sɨɡzɨ]

9.  sütü [sɨ̥t̪ʰɨ́] /sɨtɨ́/2

29. büsha yo sütü [bɨʂa jo sɨ̥t̪ʰɨ]

10. ĝü [ɣɨ]

30. dzüĝü [dzɨɣɨ́]

11. ĝüyo a [ɣɨ́jo a]

40. piĝü [pçiɣɨ] /piɣɨ́/

12. ĝüyo ksü [ɣɨ́jo kʃɨ]

50. pomĝü [pomɣɨ́]

13. ĝüyo dzü [ɣɨ́jo dzɨ]

60. ĝeĝü [ʝeɣɨ́] /ɣeɣɨ́/

14. ĝütrü piĝi [ɣɨʈʂɨ́ pʝiʝi]

70. mroĝü [mɹoɣɨ́]

15. ĝütrü pom [ɣɨʈʂɨ́ pom]

80. sügzüĝü [sɨɡzɨɣɨ́]

16. ĝütrü ĝe [ɣɨʈʂɨ ʝe] /ɣɨʈʂɨ ɣe/

90. sütüĝü [sɨ̥t̪ʰɨɣɨ́]

17. ĝütrü mro [ɣɨʈʂɨ mɹo]

100. fúĝu a [fuɣu a], or [fuɣa]

18. ĝütrǘ ŝügzü [ɣɨʈʂɨ́ ʃɨɡzɨ]

200. fuĝu ksü [fúɣu ksɨ]

19. ĝütrü sütü [ɣɨʈʂɨ́ sɨ̥t̪ʰɨ]

1000. hadza a (loan word < Hindi: [haza:r])

20. büsha [bɨʂa] < Assamese: [biːs]

2000. hadza ksü

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Rev'd. Vijay D’ Souza, PhD Student, Faculty of Linguistics, Phonology and Phonetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, August 30, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Rev'd. Vijay D’ Souza, 2018 年 8 月 30 日.

 

Other comments: Hruso Aka has a decimal system. The data is from Hushin dialect, spoken in villages around Thrizino town). There are some forms for number '4': piĝi or pi[1] [pçiʝi] or [pçiː] /piɣi/ or /pi/

Note that Words outside brackets are in orthographic transcription. Square brackets enclose broad phonetic transcription. Phonemic transcription is given only when phonetic and phonemic transcriptions are different. Other higher numbers: 400. fuĝu piĝi [fúɣu pçi], 800. fuĝu sügzü [fuɣú sɨɡzɨ]

[1] This variation is also true for all numbers ending with 4 i.e., 14, 24,…., but not for those beginning with 4, like 40.

[2] The first vowel is severely truncated due to the high vowel devoicing rule in Hrusso Aka, and gives a misleading impression of a consonant cluster as in [st̪ʰɨ́ ].


Language name and location: Hruso (Aka), India [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区赫鲁索语, 印度

 

1. ɑ

21.  

2. ksɨ

22.  

3. ʒɨ

23.  

4. pʰi

24.  

5. pom

25. 

6. ʒɛ

26.  

7. mʴo

27.  

8. sɨɡʒɨ

28.  

9. stʰɨ

29.  

10. ɡɨ

30.  

11. ɡɨ yɛ ɑ

40.  

12.

50.  

13. 

60. 

14. 

70.  

15. ɡɨ tʴɨ pom

80.  

16. 

90.  

17. 

100. fɨɡɑ

18. 

200. 

19.

1000. hɑʔzɛiyɑ

20. bɨʃɑ

2000. 

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Ms. Lisa Lomdak, de-registered PhD scholar, Arunachal Institute of Tribal Studies, Rajiv Gandhi University, India. August 27, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Ms. Lisa Lomdak, 2018 年 8 月 27 日.

 

Other comments: Hruso has a decimal system.  


Language name and location: Hruso (Aka), India [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区赫鲁索语, 印度

 

1. ɑ

21.  

2. ksɨ

22.  

3. ʒɨ

23.  

4. pʰi

24.  

5. pom

25. 

6. ʒɛ

26.  

7. mʴo

27.  

8. sɨɡʒɨ

28.  

9. stʰɨ

29.  

10. ɡɨ

30.  

11. ɡɨ yɛ ɑ

40.  

12.

50.  

13. 

60. 

14. 

70.  

15. ɡɨ tʴɨ pom

80.  

16. 

90.  

17. 

100. fɨɡɑ

18. 

200. 

19.

1000. hɑʔzɛiyɑ

20. bɨʃɑ

2000. 

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Lisa Lomdak, Arunachal Institute of Tribal Studies, Rajiv Gandhi University, India. August 27, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Lisa Lomdak, 2018 年 8 月 27 日.

 

Other comments: Hruso has a decimal system.  


Language name and location: Hruso (Aka), India [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区赫鲁索语, 印度

 

1. a  

21.  bʃayə ǎ

2. ksə

22.  

3. ðə

23.  

4. pi

24.  

5. pom

25.  

6. ʒɛ̌

26.  

7. mrə

27. 

8. skzə

28.  

9. stʰə

29.  

10. ʁə

30.  ðə ʁə

11. ʁə ǎ

40.  pi ʁə

12. ʁə ksə

50.  pom ʁə

13. ʁə zðə

60.  ʒɛ̌ ʁə

14. ʁə tʃə pi

70.  mrə ʁə

15. ʁə tʃə pom

80.  skzə ʁə

16. ʁə tʃə yɛ̌

90.  sðə ʁə

17. ʁə tʃə mrəɔ

100. fuɡ ǎ, 200. fuɡ ksə, 300. fuɡ ðə

18. ʁə tʃə skzə

400. fuɡ bi, 500. fuɡ pom, 600. fuɡ ʒɛ̌  

19. ʁə tʃə sðə

700. fuɡ mrəɔ,  800. fuɡ skzə, 900. fuɡ ˢðə

20. bʃa < bis ( Indo-Aryan)

1000. hazeya  (<loan from Indic)

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Roger Blench, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Dept of History, Cambridge, United Kingdom, August 9, 2018.

供资料的语言学家: Dr. Roger Blench, 2018 年 8 月 9 日.

 

Other comments: Hruso has a decimal system. Data taken from "The Hruso Languageː Grammar Sketch and Wordlist", Thrizino, 26 March, 2018.


Language name and location: Hruso (Aka), India [Refer to  Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区赫鲁索语, 印度

 

1. a    /  / ?

21.  21 to 29 ??

2. ksi  /  / ?

22.  

3. dzi  /  / ?

23.  

4. pi / pj(í) /

24.  

5. pum / / ?

25.  

6. re / ʑje/

26.  

7. mhrɔ  / mrɔ/

27. 

8. šiɡdzi  / sɨɣdʒɨ /

28.  

9. sthi   / stʰɨ/

29.  

10. hrɨ  /   / ?

30.  dzi-hrɨ

11. hrɨ-o-a /  / ?

40.  pi-hrɨ

12. hrɨ-o-ksi

50.  pum-hrɨ

13. hrɨ-o-dzi

60.  re-hrɨ

14. hrɨ-o-pi

70.  mhrɔ-hrɨ

15. hrɨ-o-pum

80.  šiɡdzi-hrɨ

16. hrɨ-o-re

90.  sthi-hrɨ

17. hrɨ-o-mhrɔ

100. phoɡ-a  / / ??

18. hrɨ-o-šiɡdzi

200. ??

19. hrɨ-o-sthi

1000. hazar ( loan from Indic)

20. bɨša  ( loan from Indic)

2000.  ??

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Suhnu Ram Sharma, Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Pune, India, January 7, 1993.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Suhnu Ram Sharma, 1993 年 1 月 7 日.

 

Other comments: Hruso has a decimal system.


                            

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