Language name and locationː Guaná, Paraguay [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区瓜纳语,  巴拉圭

 

1. ɬeepak

2. aʀaet

3. aʀaetnalhe        

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Hannes Kalisch, Nengvaanemkeskama, Nempayvaam Enlhet, Ya’alve-Saanga, Paraguay, January 22, 2013.

提供资的语言: Mr. Hannes Kalisch, 2013 年 1 月 22 日.

 

Other comments: In the present, there are no full Guaná speakers remaining, but there exists a collection of texts from one of the last speakers, Emilio Leiva (Unruh, Ernesto; Kalisch, Hannes; Romero, Manolo. 2006. Vana pankek tata. Apkelhtenneekaa Emilio Leiva. Biblioteca Paraguaya de Antropología, Vol. 53. Ya'alve-Saanga: Nengvaanemkeskama Nempayvaam Enlhet. 

For 1 to 3, the recorded speakers use exclusively the Guaná terms, so it is not possible to know the forms of other numerals which existed presumably.

For 4, they use a term derived from Spanish: kuatolo.

For 5 and more, they use the Spanish numerals.

* 1, 2 and 3 indicate the gender of the entity which is counted:

ɬeepak (fem), lheephapak (masc)

aʁaet (fem), aʁaetnalhe (masc)

aʁaetnalhe (fem), apʁaetnalhe (masc)

website: http://www.enlhet.org/pdf/nne24-vpt.pdf

Guaná phonemic chart

 

Consonantsː

 

Labial

Alveolar  Velar Uvular

Glottal

Plosives

p

     t

    p

   q

ʔ

Fricatives

    

    s

     ʁ     h

Lat.fricative

 

     ɬ    

 

Nasals

m

    n

ŋ

 

 

Lat.approximant

 

   l

 

 

 

Approximants

    ʋ

 

    j

   

 

Vowelsː

 

Front

Central

Back

Mid

   e

  

    o

Low

 

    a

   

Guaná permits the lengthening of consonants and vowels


 

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