Numeral Systems of World’s languages (世界诸语言的计数系统 )

 

Chan, Eugene S. L. (陈西林)

Cooperative Researcher, Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute, Leipzig,

Germany. (June 2006-May 2015), e-mail: euslchan@yahoo.com

March 2nd , 2017, Department of Linguistics, School of Humanity, University of Hong Kong

香港大学人文学院语言学系

 

*         Abstract:

*         The existing 7,000 or so languages in the world are a common cultural treasure of humanity. Yet, it is predicted that only half of the world's languages will survive in the next century. Urgent actions to rescue and document endangered languages have been undertaken by some countries in recent years. The surviving thousands of the world's ethnic groups use a variety of different numeral systems: duodecimal systems, decimal systems, quinary systems (based on five), quaternary systems, binary systems, incomplete decimal systems, mixed systems, body-part tally systems and so on. Certain South American indigenous languages even only distinguish one and many, and a few languages without numerals. These fascinating phenomena, like a kaleidoscope, reflect the diversity and different development steps of human counting concepts.

*         In this talk I shall introduce my on-going project to document the numeral systems of the world’s languages and their genetic classification, phonological systems, and counting concepts. In the last thirty years I have recorded and analyzed the numeral systems of the world's languages, and so far have successfully collected data on the basic numeral systems of around 4,300 languages. Most of the data were kindly provided by linguists, anthropologists, and other scholars working in their respective fields. The majority of the data are recorded in standard IPA symbols or phonemic transcriptions. These Numeral Systems of the World's Languages research is made accessible at the website entitled Numeral Systems of the World's Languages:

https://mpi-lingweb.shh.mpg.de/numeral/

*         As the traditional numeral systems of small languages have been rapidly replaced by those of dominant languages, it is an urgent task to document these important linguistic data before they are completely forgotten. However, more complete data for the remaining 3,000 or so languages are not yet available, so we need further generous support from fellow linguists.

Keywords:

Keyword 1:  Decimal systems

Keyword 2.  Incomplete decimal systems

Keyword 3:  Decimal systems with heavy loans

Keyword 4:  Duodecimal systems

Keyword 5:  Quinary systems

Keyword 6:  Vigesimal systems using hands, feet and persons

Keyword 7:  Quaternary systems

Keyword 8:  Binary systems

Keyword 9:  Tally systems

Keyword 10: Few words to express numbers

Keyword 11: No numerals

 

 

香港大学人文学院语言学系

研讨会系列

Documentation of Numeral Systems of the World’s Languages

           全球七千种语言计数系统及计数概念的记录和濒危语言文献资料保存:

演讲者:陈西林(Eugene S.L. Chan

电邮:euslchan@yahoo.com

201732日下午4点至6

香港大学百週年校园,逸夫楼94.04

 

 

摘要:

根据语言学家预测:下一世纪,现存7,105语种的一半即将消失。世界上现在还在使用的大约7,105种语言是人类的一个共同文化宝库。

由于那些使用人口很少的小语种的传统计算方法正在快速地被优势语种的计算方法所取代,所以这是一项紧迫的任务,要在这些重要的语言学资料被完全遗忘之前,把它们记录下来。 这些包括全人类目前使用的各种各样计数系统:十二进制、十进制、六进制、五进制、四进制、二进制、不完全十进制、混合型计数法、用身体部位标记数目等等。某种南美土著语言仅能辨别许多这两个字 ,在巴西和秘鲁的亚马逊流域地区有几种土著语言甚至没有计数的概念,这些有趣的奇特现象,就像一个万花筒,反映了人类在计数概念的多样性和不同的发展阶段。

在这个演讲中,我将会介绍我进行中的记录全世界语言的计数系统计划(包括谱系分类,语音系统及计数概念),在这30我曾经与分布全球160多个国家的3,000多位大部分有博士学位的语言学家和人类学家建立联系和交流。从20066月至201559年间,我与德国莱比锡市(Leipzig)马克斯·普朗克进化人类学研究所的语言学系(Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology )进行合作并负责全球语言的计数系统及计数概念记录项目,目前继续与该研究所,位于德国耶拿的人类历史科学院的语言与文化进化学系合作,主持这个研究项目。

我在过去的三十多年对全球几千多种语言的计数系统进行记录和分析,迄今已成功收集了近4,300个语种的基本的计数系统和有关资料。这些资料大部分都是由全世界各领域的语言学家、人类学家、传教士语言工作者和其他热心人士所提供。目前该资料库正在建设阶段中,可参考网址https://mpi-lingweb.shh.mpg.de/numeral/

 


 
From: Dr. Angelika Jakobi
Sent: Saturday, June 21, 2008 2:16 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numerals

Dear Eugene,

Greetings from Bayreuth! I am so sorry for not having responded to your previous emails. I had so much work to do - please forgive me. Your website looks really nice. I congratulate you for persistence over all the past years in which you collected all these data. I haven't yet introduced it to other people though but I will do so in the next days.

With my very best wishes,

Angelika

--

Dr. Angelika Jakobi

Tel. 0921/65865



From: Prof. Grover Hudson
Sent: Monday, November 03, 2008 12:14 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Cushitic languages

Dear Eugene,

Looking at your website, I see 'Sebat Bet Gurage' as Ethiopian Semitic, exemplified by Chaha.

I'm doubtful that Chaha can be well  referred to as equal to 'Sebat Bet Gurage'. Listing Chaha, as you

list Inor and Mesqan, would seem correct to me.  I can see that the website is a wonderful and

fruitful resource.

Best wishes.

Grover

Prof. Grover Hudson, Michigan State University, USA


From: Dr. John Bendor-Samuel, Director of SIL-UK
Sent: Friday, October 31, 2008 8:06 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject:  Numeral systems of Izi and Central Gur languages

 Dear Eugene,

Greetings and thanks for your last e-mail.  I've been looking on the web and congratulate you

for the progress  you've made in this important project.

With all good wishes for your project, as you continue with it,

Yours sincerely,

John Bendor-Samuel

Director of  SIL-UK and President of Wycliffe Bible Translators International.


From: Mr. Dave Moody SIL-Malaysia, SIL International
Sent: Saturday, October 18, 2008 4:50 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of Austronesian languages ( Malaysia )

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Thank you for your note and CONGRATULATIONS on this landmark of getting your work on the internet. It is a grand accomplishment.

 

Sincerely,

 

Dave

 


 

From: Prof. David Crystal
Sent: Monday, October 06, 2008 6:27 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of World's languages

 

Thanks for your message, Eugene. You have a fantastic resource there.  I think the best thing to do, regarding contacts in Hong Kong, is write to Nicholas Ostler at the Foundation for Endangered Languages. He is likely to know who is working in this area in HK.  @chibcha.demon.co.uk

 

With good wishes

 

David

 

Professor David Crystal

www.davidcrystal.com

著有《剑桥语言百科全书》的英国语言学家戴维·克里斯特尔博士


 

From: Dr. Marie-Claude Simeone-Senelle, CRNR, Paris, France,
Sent: Monday, September 15, 2008 7:16 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Dahaalik Numbers

 

Dear Eugene,
Thank you for your message. I access your site and I want to congratulate you
As for the classification of Tigre, Tigrinya and Dahalik ...  under  "Ethiopian" , let me express my disagreement once again. As I said to you in a previous message this label is inadequate and problematic. Afro-Semitic is a suggestion adopted by some linguists.

Very cordially
With my best wishes
Marie-Claude

 



From: Dr. Tiffany L. Kershner
Sent: Tuesday, September 09, 2008 4:35 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Chisukwa numeral system

Dear Eugene, 

I really enjoy your website. You have done a lot of great work. I am very impressed. 

Thank you for the update on your project.

Best wishes,

Tiffany

Dr. Tiffany L. Kershner

Assistant Professor of Linguistic Anthropology, Kansas State University



From: Dr. Ken Vanbik , University of Berkeley, USA
Sent: Saturday, September 06, 2008 2:55 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Chin and small languages in Myanmar

Great site and data, Eugene.

Keep up the good work.

Ken


 

From: Dr, Jim Roberts  On Behalf Of Director SIL-America area 
Sent: Tuesday, August 12, 2008 10:45 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of Indigenous languages in the Americas

 


Yes, I can see the site.  This represents a lot of work.  Congratulations on getting this valuable information compiled.  

Jim Roberts
 

 

From: Dr. Rod Casali, SIL International
Sent: Thursday, August 07, 2008 1:05 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Cc: Myles Leitch
Subject: Re: Babole and Languages in Congo

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Greetings, I'm glad to hear that your project is coming along so well. That's a very impressive number of languages!

 

I wish you continued good success with your numeral project.  I think this is a very valuable study.

 

Best,

 

Rod


 

From: Dr. John Bendor Samuel,  SI International
Sent: Wednesday, July 30, 2008 11:34 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of Izi and Central Gur languages

 


Thanks, Eugene,   Your website comes up clearly.   Congratulations.  
Best wishes,
John


 

From: Mr. Herold Rajan.
Sent: Tuesday, July 29, 2008 9:45 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of Dravidian languages / Updated classification on Dravidian languages

 

Dear Eugene,

 

I went through the website and first of all congratulation.  

 

Shalom

Herold Rajan

 

 
From: Dr. Hein van der Voort
Sent: Tuesday, July 29, 2008 2:24 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of Native American Languages

Dear Eugene,

Thanks for your message. I certainly remember you, and your request for information about numeral systems.

Please do send me your Kwaza text and I will check it again thoroughly. Congratulations with your cooperation

with Prof. Comrie! Leipzig is a great place to do linguistics. I had a look at your website and I like

the set-up.  In case there is anything else I can help you with, don't hesitate to contact me. Best regards,

Hein

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

 

 

From: Prof. Michael Noonan
Sent: Sunday, July 27, 2008 12:14 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Greetings from Hong Kong!

It's a very impressive site!

Michael Noonan

Dept. of English, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI  53201, USA

 

 

 

From: Prof. Byron W. Bender
Sent: Saturday, July 26, 2008 8:16 AM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: RE: Greetings from Hong Kong!

 

Eugene

       Good to hear from you. Congratulations on your most unique website. Keep up the good work.

Byron

 

Byron W. Bender, Emeritus Professor

Department of Linguistics, 1890 East-West Rd.

Honolulu, HI 96822-1823

http://www2.hawaii.edu/~bender/

 

 


From: Dr. Oliver Stegen, SIL International
Sent: Thursday, July 24, 2008 5:38 PM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: Rangi numerals

Dear Eugene,

I've received several messages from you. Please excuse my slow response.

Unfortunately, I am not always able to access the internet, and when I am,

it is often too slow. Just today, I was able to have a look at your updated

numerals website. Quite impressive!

Best wishes,

Oliver Stegen


-----Original Message-----
From: Dr. Jason Kandybowicz
Sent: Thursday, July 24, 2008 6:38 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Nupe language

Hi Eugene,

The site looks great and there is a spectacular array of data!  Very impressive!

Thanks for letting me know.

Best wishes,

Jason

 

 

From: Prof. Lee Bickmore
Sent: Thursday, July 24, 2008 12:34 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Languages in Namibia and Zambia

 

Eugene,

 

Pages look great. Very interesting project. Yes, I should be able to give you the Namwanga and Cilungu numbers later in the fall semester when my consultant arrives.

 

lee

 

Lee S. Bickmore , Associate Professor, University at Albany. USA


 

From: Prof. Dave Odden
Sent: Wednesday, July 23, 2008 10:52 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Tanzanian languages

 

Hi Eugene,

 

Yep, I don't find any access problems. It's actually kind of impressive how straightforward access is.

 

Best,

 

Dave O

 


 

From: Dr. Karl Anderbeck
Sent: Saturday, July 19, 2008 1:01 AM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of Austronesian languages

 

Greetings,

I was able to find the files, thank you for the instructions.  I haven’t looked at all of it, but particularly at the Sumatra pages with which I am most familiar.  It is an impressive collection!

I notice you haven’t entered the Komering data on there yet.  Any problems?

Take care,

Karl

 

 
From: Prof. Vaishna Narang
Sent: Saturday, July 26, 2008 9:15 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Nicobarese and Andaman languages

Dear Eugene

Please accept heartiest graduations on this achievement. It is a pleasure going through your work. I am sure it was hard work and sheer determination that you have this volume of data.

With my best regards

Vaishna

Professor of Linguistics, Centre for Linguistics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi - 110 067 INDIA

 

 

 

From: Dr. Simon Leblanc
Sent: Friday, July 25, 2008 2:20 AM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of languages in Congo

 

Dear Dr. Chan,

 

Yes, thank you! J The website will certainly be very useful. And whenever we will have an opportunity, we will send you additional data.

 

Simon

 

 

From: Prof. David Appleyard, University of London, UK
Sent: Thursday, July 24, 2008 4:43 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Agaw languages and languages in the Horn of Africa

 

Dear Eugene,

Yes, many thanks, it's all quite clear. Thank you too for your earlier e-mail. I am at present on holiday and so have not had occasion to check e-mails regularly.

 

Best wishes - and congratulations on such a comprehensive website.

 

David

 


 

From: Dr. George Mrikaria
Sent: Thursday, July 24, 2008 2:26 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Kimochi numeral system / languages in Tanzania

 

Dear Eugene,
Thanks for your e-mail. It is great that there is a great collection of numeral system of so many languages. I will spread to others the website address so that if anyone interested can contact you to give any information if he/she has.
 
Congratulations for a great job you did.
 

G. Mrikaria,

University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

 


 

From: Dr. John Clifton, SIL International
Sent: Wednesday, July 23, 2008 8:11 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Caucasian, Altaic and Uralic Languages

 

Hi Eugene,

Yes, it is clear on my computer. Congratulations!

John
 



 

From: Dr. Wal, G.J. van der, Leiden University, the Netherlands
Sent: Tuesday, July 22, 2008 2:35 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Makhua numeral system

 

Congratulations on having all of it online! I am sorry, but I haven't got anything more. Will ask if I go again.

Best,

Jenneke


-----Original Message-----
From: Dr. Joseph Atoyebi, MPI, Leipzig, H\Germany
Sent: Tuesday, July 22, 2008 12:12 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Counting systems of Edo and languages in Nigeria 

Hello Eugene,

Great job! Congratulations! You have done very well.

I have a few update too regarding my on-going work on Oko numerals (see  attachment).

Have a great day.

Joe


From: Mr & Mr. Roberto & Nancy Weber, SIL International
Sent: Saturday, July 19, 2008 5:28 AM
To: Chan Eugene
Subject:  Greetings from Hong Kong!

 

Greetings from Rapa Nui, Eugene.

 

We have just received, by forwarded mail, the note you sent on July 4.

 

Congratulations on the great amount of data on numeral systems that you have gathered and organized. We will have a look, soon, at the Rapa Nui data uploaded to your web site, to see if there are any adjustments needing to be made to what we provided ten years ago.

 

All the best,

 

Bob Weber

PROGRAMA LENGUA RAPA NUI - RAPA NUI LANGUAGE PROJECT
Rapa Nui / Isla de Pascua / Easter Island, Chile
- Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso:  http://www.ucv.cl

 

 

From: Prof. Ekkehard Wolff
Sent: Tuesday, July 15, 2008 10:44 PM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: AW: Numeral systems of Chadic languages

 

Dear Eugene,

 

 I've just taken the opportunity to play around with your numeral data base - very nice and highly interesting, compliment once again to you for tremendous work.

Keep well, all best wishes,

Ekkehard

 

Prof. Dr. H. Ekkehard Wolff , Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität Leipzig, Beethovenstr. 15
D-04107 Leipzig / Germany

 

 

 

 

From: Dr. Olga Kazakevich,  Russia
Sent: Wednesday, July 09, 2008 1:05 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Contact fellow linguists

 

Dear Eugene,

 

thank you for mailing. I am leaving for an expedition in a couple of days.

I visited your site. It is quite alive, congratulations!

All the best,

Olga Kazakevich 

 


From: Professor William Gillies, UK
Sent: Tuesday, July 08, 2008 12:19 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Greetings from Hong Kong!

Dear Eugene

Many thanks for this, and congratulations on bringing it to its present

stage of completion. I will certainly draw it to the attention of some

of my students and colleagues.

Yours sincerely

William Gillies

 

 

 

From: Dr. Alex Francois, CNRS, Paris, France
Sent: Friday, June 27, 2008 11:52 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Greetings from Hong Kong!

 

Dear Eugene,
Thank you for your email. Congratulations for your website.  This must have been a huge work, but I can see it reflects the incredible amount of efforts you have been putting in that whole project of yours.
Good luck for your future projects!

best wishes,
Alex.


 

From: Mr. Karl Grebe
Sent: Friday, June 27, 2008 1:24 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of languages in Cameroon

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Congratulation on the good work you have done so far. As to more date from other languages in Cameroon, I cannot help you much as I am no longer in Cameroon. I am now stationed in Canada.

 

Best wishes,

Karl

***********************************
Karl Grebe
Translation Consultant, SIL-Cameroon
 

 


 

From: Director Sudan
Sent: Friday, June 27, 2008 2:51 AM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of languages in Sudan

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Thank you for your message.  Congratulations on the work that you are doing on the numeral systems of languages in Sudan.

 

Yours sincerely, 

Elizabeth

______________

Elizabeth Newport

Director, Sudan Branch, SIL International

 


 

From: Dr. Graziano Sava
Sent: Wednesday, June 25, 2008 12:15 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Languages in Ethiopia

 

Dear Eugene,

I have visited the website. It looks fine to me.

Congratulations,
Graziano

Dr. Graziano Savà - Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", Italy
(PhD in African Languages and Cultures, Leiden University, The Netherlands)
 
 


 

From: Dr. Marie-Claude Simeone-Senelle, CNRS, Paris, France
Sent: Saturday, June 21, 2008 8:59 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Dahaalik Numbers

 
Thank you Eugene, and congratulations !

I just have a look on your very interesting website. I shall look at it with more attention later.
 I'll send my others comments concerning your website ASAP
With my best wishes
Cordially,
Marie-Claude
 


 

From: Prof. Wolfgang Schulze, Munich University, Germany 
Sent: Saturday, June 21, 2008 3:55 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Greetings from Hong Kong

 

Dear Eugene,
many thanks for your kind mail and for having driven my attention to your updated website! It looks really great! Congratulation! I guess I will refer to it on multiple occasions.
Best wishes to you and enjoy summer!
Wolfgang
 

----------------------------------------------------------

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schulze                                                                    

----------------------------------------------------------

 


-----Original Message-----
From: Dr. Antonia Soriente
Sent: Saturday, June 07, 2008 4:28 PM
To:
Cc:
Subject: numerals 

Dear Eugene,

Thanks for your email and congratulations for your project. I have tried to view info about numerals in

Austronesian languages but without success. Let me know what to do in case I'd like to view them.I am

still involved in the study and documentation of Kenyah and Penan languages and indeed the numeral

systems are endangered since more and more the national language is used to express dates and

numbers. In naturalistic texts the use of Kenyah numbers occurs very seldom.

I wish all the best for this project.

My best regards,

Antonia

Antonia Soriente

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , Jakarta Field Station,

Jakarta 12930, Indonesia


 

From: Dr. Kirk R. Person SIL International
Sent: Thursday, May 22, 2008 5:16 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Mpi and Bisoid languages

 

Dear Eugene:

Nice website!  Congratulations!

Kirk
 


 

From: Mr. Lee Hochstetler, SIL International
Sent: Friday, May 16, 2008 3:28 AM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject: RE: Languages in Mali

 

Eugene,

I finally took a look at your website today. It’s wonderful! Very well indexed and easy to find my way around.  I’m very impressed. Indexing the data sets by language families was very wise. Your color codings were helpful too.

 

I’m cheering you on!

 

Lee

 

 

 

 

From: Dr. Robert Carlson,  SIL International
Sent: Friday, May 16, 2008 12:32 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: My website on numeral systems

 

Yes, Eugene. I have had a look at it. Very impressive.

Bob

 

 

 

From: Dr. John R. Watters,  SIL International
Sent: Tuesday, May 13, 2008 3:44 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Cc: J
Subject: Re: Congratulations!

 


Dear Eugene,

Thank you for your greetings and congratulations.
I trust some day we can meet, either in Hong Kong or Dallas.

God's blessings,
John
President, SIL International

 

 

From: Dr. Rolf Theil, Norway
Sent: Saturday, May 10, 2008 2:55 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re:
您好!

 

Hello again!

I’ll think over who among my colleagues I’ll contact.
Personally, I’m working on Nizaa (“Suga”; Bantoid), and the Omotic languages Kafa, and Koorete, but I’m impressed to see that they are all represented on your website. The forms from Kafa and Koorete lack tones, and I can supply them.
Have a nice weekend, you, too!

Rolf
 


From: Dr. Amara Prasithrathsint , Thailand
Sent: Thursday, May 08, 2008 8:53 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: hello!

 

Dear Eugene:
 
Thank you very much for informing me about your project.  Your numeral website is fantastic. Great!!! Congratulations!
 
Beat wishes,
Amara
 

 

From: Dr. Dick Watson,   SIL International
Sent: Wednesday, May 07, 2008 9:08 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Pacoh numerals

 
Dear Eugene,

Greetings from North Carolina. The Pacoh page looks great!  

Your site is looking better and better, and it is very nice that your dream is being realized after so many years of hard work and struggle.

Blessings,  Dick
 


 

From: Ms. Denise Bailey, SIL International
Sent: Sunday, May 04, 2008 8:43 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Iranian languages

 

Dear Eugene,

 

I looked at the site. Very nicely done and so interesting! Many congratulations for such fine work.

 

Kindly and best wishes to you,

 

Denise Bailey

 

 

From: Dr. Bruce Hooley,  SIL International
Sent: Thursday, April 24, 2008 6:47 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Central Buang numeral system

 

Dear Eugene

Thanks for that!  Keep up the good work.

Sincerely

Bruce

 


 

From: Miss MI HWA HAN,  SIL International
Sent: Wednesday, April 23, 2008 4:17 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Tai Daeng numeral system

 

Dear Dr. Eugene,

 

Thank you for your email.  Congratulations on your work!

Hope I have time to visit!

 

Blessings,

 

Mi Hwa

 


From: Dr. Rogier Nieuweboer
Sent: Tuesday, April 22, 2008 11:10 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Numerals

Dear Eugene,

Congratulations - that is an incredible amount of information!

Best regards,

Rogier

 


From: Dr. Claus Peter Zoller, Norway
Sent: Monday, April 21, 2008 3:44 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Greetings from Hong Kong!

Dear Eugene,

Thanks very much for your Email, and especially for the link to your site with the numeral systems.

I am really impressed and I am sure that you have done a very valuable work. So it is actually you who

has to be thanked. I am very much looking forward to seeing the further development of your project and remain.

With best greetings

Claus Peter Zoller

 

 

From: Ms. Bartee Ellen,  SIL International
Sent: Monday, April 21, 2008 1:02 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: numerals on Khams

 

Dear Eugene,

Yes, I did visit your website. Very impressive! I look forward to seeing more Tibetan language data on your site.

Blessings,

Ellen


 

 

 

From: Mr. David Captain,  SIL International
Sent: Saturday, April 19, 2008 1:35 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of Indigenous languages in the Americas

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Thank you for your kind reply. The link to your website was very helpful. I was pleased to see that you had already posted the Wayuu data to your webpage.  Again, congratulations on such a significant task that you are undertaking.

 

Sincerely,

David Captain

 

 
From: Dr. Mark Turin
Sent: Saturday, April 19, 2008 2:40 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: numeral systems of Chintang and Puma

Thanks, Eugene, that's great! I am most impressed

Well done

all the best,

Mark

 


 

From: Dr. David Beine
Sent: Friday, April 18, 2008 11:26 PM
To: 'Eugene S. L. Chan'
Subject:  Indigenous languages in North America

 

Hello Eugene:

 

The web site looks very impressive.  Congratulations on such an impressive job.  It will be a valuable resource for scholars.

 

Dave

 

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Dr. Dave Beine

Summer Session Director, Canada Institute of Linguistics

 

 

 

From: Ms. Heike Andreas
Sent: Thursday, April 10, 2008 2:10 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of Chadic languages

 

Dear Eugene,
 
Thanks for your quick answer. I am impressed and I like your homepage. I just looked through the first pages and then to the different languages quickly. Thanks for displaying the Nyam numeral system there already. You work really quick :-)
 
Kindest regards,
Heike

 

 

From: Mr. Tim Stirtz
Sent: Friday, March 28, 2008 8:03 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Number data of 4 languages

 

Eugene,

 

Yes, Thomas has seen your website and was impressed.

 

Tim

 



From: Dr. Smita Sinha
Sent: Tuesday, February 12, 2008 2:16 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: congrats

Hi,

What a great work. A big congrats for launching the website. I am really impressed. You have made a great

contribution to linguistics. All the best wishes for your future research.

Smita

 

 

 

From: Ms. Andrea Suter, SIL International
Sent: Monday, February 11, 2008 4:00 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Languages in Burkina Faso

 

Dear Eugene

 

I finally had a chance to look at your web pages. I was delighted to find that you have done research in comparative Indo-European linguistics, Latin, Greek etc. I studied classical philology (ancient Greek and Latin) with some courses in comparative Indo-European linguistics, too.

 

As to your web sites: Congratulations to http://lingweb.eva.mpg.de/numeral/ I like the way it looks, it's neat. I like the colors of the background and fonts you use and the way you displayed the languages in their "genealogy" or family tree, nicely indented. This family tree feature embodies a lot of information in itself, which is nice. I wonder, though, whether you could incorporate some search option to access a particular language directly? At the moment, it seems to me that one has to know the history and families of a particular language, clicking through the levels, and therefore only linguists with this background knowledge can find a particular language. (There seems to be something like this in "Browse Data", but I could not figure out how to operate it) Also, although I set the encoding to UTF-8 but still had some ????s coming up. Not in the actual language data (this is displayed without problem), but usually in the commentaries like the following, eg.:  

 

 

From: Mr. bruno okoudowa
Sent: Wednesday, February 06, 2008 3:31 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: First answer from Gabon

 

Dear Eugene,
 
I really enjoy the sites. Mainly your home page.
 
Congratulations!!
 
Best regards
 
B.Ok.


 

 

From: Ms. Riikka Halme, University of Helsinki, Finland
Sent: Tuesday, February 05, 2008 5:11 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Languages in Angola

 

Dear Eugene,

Looks good, congratulations!

 

Riikka

 

 

From: ETB Linguistics Coordinator (Mr. Andreas Joswig), SIL International
Sent: Friday, February 01, 2008 8:51 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of languages in Ethiopia

 

Dear Eugene,
Thank you for sending the links. I just had a look and am quite impressed with the wealth of data you have collected! Very nice! The way you have arranged everything according to language families makes it easy to quickly find all languages that one is interested in.
 
Thanks again,
    Andreas Joswig
 

 

 

From: Mr. Don Lindholm, SIL International
Sent: Friday, February 01, 2008 10:10 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Languages in Nigeria

 
Dear Eugene,

Congratulations on the progress you have made.  I looked at the URS you gave. I don't have the back ground to give you any useful technical comments.

Keep up the good work.

Don
 



From: Dr. Angelika Jakobi, University of Koln, Germany
Sent: Thursday, January 31, 2008 4:35 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Nilo-Saharan languages

Dear Eugene,

 

Congratulations! You did a fantastic job and I really admire your endurance during so many years of data collection!

 

I will send you a comment on the Zaghawa/Saharan list as soon as I can spare some time.

 

Best wishes and kind regards,

 

Angelika

 

--

Dr. Angelika Jakobi

 

 

 

From: Dr. Georges Mulumbwa
Sent: Wednesday, January 30, 2008 7:03 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE :  Languages in DR of the Congo

 

Dear Eugene,

Congratulations for the web site you are constructing. I appreciate your initiative, this will let many people  know and appreciate the wonderful work you are doing.

I will try to send you soon  some suggestions but my first impression is that the web site is well done.

Tomorrow, I will receive data Kalunga Marcel and Kabange have sent me.  I need your postal address of Hong Kong to send them to you.

Have  a nice day (night?),.  Here it's precisely 0h00

Yours

Georges

 

 
From: Prof. Mary Esther Dakubu, University of Ghana, Ghana
Sent: Wednesday, January 30, 2008 8:32 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Languages in Ghana

Dear Eugene

Congratulations.  I have just spent an hour enjoying the Niger-Congo section.  I am quite excited because I think it is going to help clarify.  I hope it will be possible to call up a particular numeral in a selection of languages.

Best wishes

Mary Esther

 

 

From: Dr. Evarista Osiruemu, Nigeria
Sent: Tuesday, May 13, 2008 10:39 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of languages in Nigeria

Hello Eugene,

     I've read your reply to my mail. That was quick, I must say. I also took a brief look at your website. Looks impressive. More later. Cheers. 

Evarista.



From: Ms. Martin-Silke Sauer, SIL International
Sent: Friday, April 18, 2008 8:46 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Languages in Chad 

As it happens I am in Cameroon right now, with good internet connections and

was able to look up your website. Quite impressive work, congratulations!

I'm glad I could contribute a tiny little bit,

Silke


 

From: Mr. Sylvester Nkrumah, SIL International
Sent: Friday, April 18, 2008 3:42 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re:  Paasaal numeral system and Languages in Ghana

 

Dear Eugene,

Thanks for continuing to update me on this project. It is impressive. I have found it very useful and I will download it and study it. You have reminded me of my days at the university when I was deep into linguistics and the history of language families. Thanks.

I do hope to get you the numerals in my language, Delo which is also a Gur language in the same group as Paasaal.

 

Once again, thanks

Sylvester.


 

From: Mr. Howard Shelden, SIL International
Sent: Thursday, April 17, 2008 4:11 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Numeral systems of World's languages ( Halmahera )

 


Eugene,

I have just skimmed the West Papuan portion of your website. It is impressive. I

Howard Shelden

 


 

From: Dr. Joan Baart, SIL International
Sent: Thursday, January 31, 2008 8:41 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Website

 

Dear Eugene,

 

This looks quite impressive already. And it is nice that the MPI is going to host your pages. I think many people will appreciate your work.

 

- At some point during the 1990s, the name of my organization changed to "SIL International". The name "Summer Institute of Linguistics" is still used in some contexts, but in general, where you are listing the affiliation of a linguist, then it will be more up-to-date to say "SIL International".

Anyway, you are doing an amazing work. May it continue to go well!

 

--Joan

 

 


 

From: Dr. Ken Smith, SIL International
Sent: Wednesday, January 30, 2008 11:34 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of Mon-Khmer languages

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Hi!  I clicked on both references.  And, of course, I migrated to Sedang and voila! there were the Sedang numerals.  Congratulations!

 

Sincerely, Ken

30Jan08 CM

 


 

From: Dr. David Dwyer
Sent: Thursday, January 31, 2008 1:21 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Website

Dear Eugene,
I took a look at the numeral page and I find it to be excellent.  You certainly have a lot of work ahead of you, but that shouldn't be a problem given your very impressive CV.
Good luck with your project.
Peace,
David Dwyer
 



From: Dr. Andrei Filtchenko, Tomsk State Pedagogical University, Russia
Sent: Thursday, January 31, 2008 6:35 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Khanty languages

Dear Eugene,

Your site looks quite impressive, congratulations! It will be even more so once completed.

As for the Eastern Khanty data, it looks OK,    If possible, I would appreciate if you could make links on your page from my name (Andrey Filchenko) to my own site

<http://www.policy.hu/filtchenko/Andrey%20Filchenko/index.htm>, and from my university name on your page (Tomsk State Pedagogical University) to

my department site <http://eng.tspu.edu.ru/siblang/>.  Let me know, one you have completed the site so

I could also link to it from sites.

Thanks.

Best,

Andrey


 

 

From: Prof. Larry M. Hyman
Sent: Thursday, November 29, 2007 8:43 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Numeral systems of Bantoid Languages

 

Eugene - Impressive to read your message.

 

Good luck with your work.


Best,

 

Larry


 

From: Dr. Robert Carlson, SIL International
Sent: Friday, May 16, 2008 12:32 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: My website on numeral systems

 

Yes, Eugene. I have had a look at it. Very impressive.

Bob

 


 

From: Mr. Don Lindholm, SIL International
Sent: Friday, February 01, 2008 10:10 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Languages in Nigeria

 
Dear Eugene,

Congratulations on the progress you have made.  I looked at the URS you gave. I don't have the back ground to give you any useful technical comments.

Keep up the good work.

Don

 


From: Dr. Martine Vanhove, CNRS, Paris, France
Sent: Wednesday, May 16, 2007 9:37 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Afar numeral system

 

Dear Eugene,

Congratulations, I am eager to read the results.
As for Afar and Saho, there are no tones, so don't worry, but I am forwarding your e-mail to my colleague, Marie-Claude Simeone-Senelle, who is much more competent than I am to answer you for these languages.

All the best

Martine

 


 

From: Mr. Steve Bagwell, SIL International
Sent: Wednesday, May 02, 2007 3:45 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: RE: Greetings! Languages in Chad

 

Dear Eugene,

 

Congratulations on your work with Prof. Comrie.

 

Best wishes for your research,

 

Steve Bagwell

 


 

From: Dr. Robert Hedinger, SIL International
Sent: Tuesday, April 24, 2007 2:54 AM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Languages in Cameroun

 

Dear Eugene,

 

congratulations on your post in Leipzig.

 

Yes, I still remember helping to collect data on languages in Cameroon. I am still in Cameroon. I recently got another invitation for collecting data from you via our office in the capital.

 

Sincerely,

 

Robert

 



From: Dr. Tapani Tasalmin, University of Helsinki, Finland
Sent: Wednesday, January 17, 2007 7:19 PM
To: Eugene S. L. Chan
Subject: Re: Uralic languages

Dear Eugene,

Thanks for your message. I remember you well, and if I'm not mistaken you agreed to call me Tapani.

This is great! Please accept my congratulations and

With best regards,  Tapani

 


 

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