The Cariban Language Family


  1. Caribː Carib / Galibi
  2. Centralː
    1. Apalaíː Apalaí
    2. Cumanáː Chaima, Cumanagoto
    3. Makiritareː Maquiritari
    4. Mapoyo-Yavaranaː Mapoyo, Pémono / Pemón, Pémono , Tamanaku, Yabarana
    5. Wayanaː Kaxuiâna, Wayana
  3. Kashuyana: Sikiana
  4. North Amazonian:
    1. Pemónː
          i. Pemón properː
                  Pemón, Macushi
                  Kapongː Akawaio, Patamona
    2. Yawaperíː  Waimiri-Atroahí 
  5. South Amazonian:
    1. E'ñapa Woromaipu / Panare
    2. Araraː Pará Arára, Ikpeng / Txicão
    3. Bakairíː Bakairí
    4. Amonapː Kuikúro-Kalapálo, Matipuhy
  6. Tiriyóː
    1. Salumá
    2. Karihonaː Carijona
    3. Tiriyóː Akurio, Trió
  7. Waiwaiː
    1. Hixkaryánaː Hixkaryána,
    2. Waiwaiː Waiwai
  8. Yukpaː
    1. Yucpa-Yapreiaː Japrería, Yukpa

     Note:  Languages and language groups preceded by a dagger (†) are extinct.


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