Language name and locationː Camling (Rodung), Nepal, Sikkim [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区坎陵 (罗洞语), 尼泊尔, 锡金

 

1. ikara

2. hakara

3. simra

4. ŋara

5. bʰukara

6. t̪ukara

7. sukara

8. nukara

9. nunamra

10. namra

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Dr. Vishnu S. Rai, retired professor from Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, July 19, 2018.

提供资的语言Dr. Vishnu S. Rai, 2018 年 7 月 19 日

 

Other comments: The Chamling (Camling or Rodong) people has only preserved traditional numbers from 1 to 4 and the rest were recently developed.

After 10 they use Nepali numbers now.


Language name and locationː Camling (Rodung), Nepal, Sikkim [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区坎陵 (罗洞语), 尼泊尔, 锡金

 

1. iː

21.  

2. hakka

22. 

3. sʲum

23. 

4. ŋara

24.  

5. bʰukkara

25.  

6. t̪uka

26.  

7. ʃuka

27. 

8. nuka

28.  

9. nunam

29. 

10. inam

30.  ʃumnam

11. iʔi

40.  bʰukanam

12. ihaka

50.  ŋanam

13. iʃum

60.  t̪ukanām

14. ibʰuka

70.  ʃukanam

15. iŋa

80.  nukanam

16. it̪uka

90.  nunamnam

17. iʃuka

100. inamnam

18. inuka

200.

19. inunam

1000. jæd̪d̪i 

20. hakanam

2000.

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Udaya Singh and Linguistic and Cultural Documentation team, Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, India.

December 22, 2008.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Udaya Singh and his term members, 2008 年 12 月 22 日.

 

Other comments: Rodung (Camling) has a decimal system.


Language name and locationː Camling (Rodung), Nepal, Sikkim [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区坎陵 (罗洞语), 尼泊尔, 锡金

 

1. i-   / irā   ( from Rapacha 2006)

21.  ikʰummāi

2. haka- / hākārā

22.  ikʰummāhākā

3. sum- ~ sim- / simrā

23.  ikʰummāsim

4. car  < Nepali  /  bʰukārā

24.  ikʰummābʰukā

5. ŋārā ( from Rapacha 2006)

25.  ikʰummāŋā

6. tukārā

26.  ikʰummātukā

7. sukārā

27.  ikʰummāsukā

8. nukārā

28.  ikʰummānukā

9. nunām

29.  ikʰummānunām

10. nāmrā

30.  siminām

11. inām

40.  bʰukānām

12. ināmhāka

50.  ŋārānām

13. ināmsim

60.  tukānām

14. ināmbʰukā

70.  sukānām

15. ināmŋā

80.  nukānām

16. ināmtukā

90.  nunāmnām

17. ināmsukā

100. hāmrānām

18. ināmnukā

200. hānāmrānām

19. ināmnunām

1000.ihyādi

20. ikʰummā

2000.hākhyādi

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Karen Ebert, University of Zurich, Switzerland, January 4, 1994. Dr. Lal-Shyãkarelu Rapacha & Bag-Ayagyami Yalungcha, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India ( second column), May 17, 2006.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. Karen Ebert, 1994 年 1 月 4 日. Dr. Lal-Shyãkarelu Rapacha  & Bag-Ayagyami Yalungcha, 2006 年 5 月 17 日.

 

Other comments: Nowadays, the traditional numbers have been replaced by Nepali

after three.


Language name and locationː Camling (Rodung), Nepal, Sikkim [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区坎陵 (罗洞语), 尼泊尔, 锡金

 

1. i- 

2. haka-

3. sum- ~ sim-

4. car  < Nepali 

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Karen Ebert, University of Zurich, Switzerland

4 January, 1994, February 16, 2013.
供资料的语言学家: Prof. Karen Ebert, 1994 年 1 月 4 日, 2013 年 2 月 16 日.

 

Other comments: Nowadays, the traditional numbers have been replaced by Nepali

after three. My work on Camling is nearly 20 years old, and I have looked at other languages in the meantime. The short remark in my mini-description of Camling (Ebert 1999), that the numerals i- , haka-, sum-/sim- combine with classifiers is correct. Therefore the first forms in the list of Singh you sent me on February 4 should have a hyphen to show that they need some suffix. That higher numbers are always borrowed from Nepali is not true. I don't think I have ever heard bʰukka(ra) for 4, bute.g. ŋara is quite common. However, in my data it never occurs without  (ŋa) or with a different classifier(ŋa-po, ŋa-li).


                            

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