Language name and locationː Bohuai, Papua New Guinea [Refer toː Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区博淮, 巴布亚新几亚之马努斯岛

 

1. ri

21.  lunuah e ri

2. luwiah

22.  lunuah e luwiah

3. toloh

23.  lunuah e toloh

4. hahu

24.  lunuah e hahu

5. limiah

25.  lunuah e limiah

6. onah

26.  lunuah e onah

7. tsotoloh    ( 10 - 3 ) ?

27.  lunuah e tsotoloh

8. tsoluwiah ( 10 - 2 ) ?

28.  lunuah e tsowiah

9. tsuri         ( 10 - 1 ) ?

29.  lunuah e tsuri

10. runuah

30.  tsunuah

11. runuah e ri

40.  hanuah

12. runuah e luwiah

50.  lewenuah

13. runuah e toloh

60.  ononuah

14. runuah e hahu

70.  tsatsunuah

15. runuah e limiah

80.  tsalunuah

16. runuah e onah

90.  tsorunuah

17. runuah e tsotoloh

100. ruwa

18. runuah e tsoluwiah

200. luwa

19. runuah e tsuri

1000. pwiri

20. lunuah

2000. pweluwiah

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. John Newman, Department of Linguistics, University of Albert. Canada. December 6, 2012.

供资料的语言学家: Prof. John Newman, 2012 年 12 月 6 日

 

Other comments: Bohuai or Polowa has has a typical "Manus type" Austronesian language decimal counting system with special structure for numerals 7 to 9 similar to that of the related Nyindrou language. For numerals 7 to 9, it might attribute a meaning like 'minus, missing, lacking' to the initial morpheme in those forms, but I haven't been able to gloss it confidently on the basis if its appearance outside this construction. So, for me, it's an uncertain gloss.

Phonemic System of Bohuai ( John Newman, University of Alberta)

Consonantsː 

 

Labial

Dental

Palatal

Velar

Glottal

Plosives

p,pʷ

t

 

k

ʔ

Affricates

 

ts

ɣ

 

Fricatives

 

   s

 

 

h

Nasals

m,mʷ

n

 

 ŋ

 

Prenasalised

   

  ⁿd

(ⁿdʒ)

 

 

Laterals

 

 r, l

 

 

 

Approximants

 w

 

 j

 

 

 

Of these, /k/, /ʔ/, /s/, /h/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /l/ can occur word-finally.

/p/ /panin/ ‘fish fin; wing of a bird’, /rapou/ ‘cut open (sago)’

/pw/ /pwene/ ‘mangrove mud’, /kapwe/ ‘hand’

/m/ /mali/ ‘be silent/’, /lamu/ ‘hair’, /liam/ ‘punch’

/mw/ /mwiah/ ‘yawn’, kamwiʔ/ ‘bow’

/t/ toloh/ ‘three’, /ate/ ‘liver’

/n/ /ni/ ‘fish’, /kana/ ‘food’, /lan/ ‘day’

/nd/ /nde/ ‘eye’, /kande/ ‘forehead, in front’

/l/ /lan/ ‘day’, /kalamak/ ‘fly (insect)’, /al/ ‘sun’

/ndʔ/ /ndʔarum/ ‘fall’, /ndʔuia/ ‘kuskus, possum’

/ts/ /tsupu/ ‘grandparent, grandchild’, /putsunuʔuk/ ‘knee’

/ tʃ/ /tʃepe/ ‘tomorrow’, /matʃua/ ‘sit’

/s/ /sosou/ ‘window’, /lesou/ ‘entrance to house’, /kuas/ ‘friend’

/r/ /ri/ ‘one’, /are/ ‘language’, /t?ear/

/k/ /kuk/ ‘louse’, /tokotok/ ‘happy’, /puk/ ‘banana’

/ /nuʔu/ ‘nose’, /pweʔ/ ‘no, not’

/h/ /huli/ ‘type of bag’, /pihin/ ‘female, girl’, /ah/ ‘coral lime (for eating with betelnut)’

Vowelsː 

 

Front

Mid

Back

Close

    i

 

    u

Mid

    e

 

    o

Open

 

 a

 

 

 


                            

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