Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Northern dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. t͡sat͡saj

21.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku t͡sat͡saj

2. tusa

22.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku tusa

3. tulu

23.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku tulu

4. səpat

24.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku səpat

5. lima

25.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku lima

6. ənəm

26.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku ənəm

7. pitu

27.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku pitu

8. falu

28.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku falu

9. siwa

29.   tusa a puluʡ ira ku siwa

10. puluʡ / mutəkəp *

30.   tulu a puluʡ

11. sabaw tu t͡sat͡saj **

40.   səpat a puluʡ 

12. sabaw tu tusa ***

50.   lima a puluʡ

13. sabaw tu tulu

60.   ənəm a puluʡ 

14. sabaw tu səpat

70.   pitu a puluʡ

15. sabaw tu lima

80.   falu a puluʡ

16. sabaw tu ənəm

90.   siwa a puluʡ

17. sabaw tu pitu

100.  t͡sat͡saj a patəkənan

18. sabaw tu falu

200.  tusa a patəkənan

19. sabaw tu siwa

1000. t͡sat͡saj maləbut ****

20. tusa a puluʡ ***

2000. tusa a maləbut

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jing-lan Joy Wu, Department of English,  National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9, 2013.

Referenceː Tsuchida, Shigeru.  1988.  Amis. In Takashi Kamei, Rokuro Kono, and Eiichi Chino (eds), The Sanseido Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. 1: Languages of the World, Part One, 447-449.  Tokyo: Sanseido Press.

供资料的语言学家: 静兰教授, 2013 年 12 月 9 日

 

Other comments: The above data are taken from Northern dialect of Amis. Amis has a typical decimal system found in most Western Austronesian languages. The data are converted to IPA symbols based on the speakers’ transcription/orthography. Notice that in Amis, the glottal stop before and after vowels are optionally transcribed, and vowels /u/ and /o/ are used as free variations and the the symbol [ʡ] is an epiglottal plosive.

(1) According to Tsuchida (1988), there are five major dialects in Amis: Sakizaya (or
     Sakiraya), Northern (or Nanshi Amis), Tavalong-Vataan, Central, (Haian Amis and
     Hsiukulan Amis excluding Tavalong-Vataan) and Southern (Peinan Amis and
     Hengchun Amis). Sakizaya has been politically recognized as an independent
     language by the government of Taiwan, and hence, its data will not be listed in the
     table. Notice that Tsuchida
s classification is slightly different from the dialects
     officially recognized by the Taiwanese government, which are Northern, Central
     (including Tavalong-Vataan Amis and Hsiukulan Amis in Tsuchida
classification),
     Haian, Malan (or Falangaw, roughly corresponding to Peinan Amis in Tsuchida
s
     classification), and Hengchun. The examples from Vataan are collected from Hui-
     Mei Lin, a native speaker of this dialect. The rest of the examples are cited from the
     1000-word Vocabulary List published by the Council of Indigenous Peoples:   
     1229CD7C. However, I have made some corrections after double checking with the
     native speakers. The List published on-line still needs further proof-reading and
     revision.

 (2) Puluʡ/puloʡ/poloʡ or is used as “10” in serial counting, while mukətəp/muɁtəp
      /
moɁətəp
 mukətəp/muɁtəp/moɁətəp moətəp also means “10” but is used in a non-
      serial counting contexts (i.e. as a modifier or a predicate). The speaker of Vataan
      only provides me
muɁtəp here. I am not sure if it can be used in serial counting in
      this dialect.

(3) Sabaw or safaw roughly means the “the decimal digit”. tu is the oblique case

(4) ''a'' in 20 and other tens is a a linker. It shows up between a modifier and a noun. 

(5) “maləbut” or “ləfot” originally means “angry”. It is used metaphorically here as
      when one has to count up to 1000, one might get impatient and angry.


Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Vataan dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. t͡sət͡saj

21.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku t͡sət͡saj

2. tusaʔ

22.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku tusaʔ

3. tuluʔ

23.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku tuluʔ

4. səpat

24.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku səpat

5. limaʔ

25.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku limaʔ

6. ənəm

26.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku ənəm

7. pituʔ

27.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku pituʔ

8. faluʔ

28.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku faluʔ

9. siwaʔ

29.   tusaʔ-puloʡ ira ku siwaʔ

10. muʡtəp

30.   tuluʔ-puloʡ

11. safaw-t͡sət͡saj

40.   səpat-puloʡ  

12. safaw-tusaʔ

50.   limaʔ-puloʡ 

13. safaw-tuluʔ

60.   ənəm-puloʡ 

14. safaw-səpat

70.   pituʔ-puloʡ

15. safaw-limaʔ

80.   faluʔ-puloʡ 

16. safaw-ənəm

90.   siwaʔ-puloʡ

17. safaw-pituʔ

100.  t͡sət͡saj-liʡan

18. safaw-faluʔ

200.  tusaʔ-liʡan  

19. safaw-siwaʔ

1000. t͡sət͡saj-patəkən

20. tusaʔ-puloʡ

2000. tusaʔ-patəkən

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jing-lan Joy Wu, Department of English,  National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9, 2013.

Referenceː Tsuchida, Shigeru.  1988.  Amis. In Takashi Kamei, Rokuro Kono, and Eiichi Chino (eds), The Sanseido Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. 1: Languages of the World, Part One, 447-449.  Tokyo: Sanseido Press.

供资料的语言学家: 静兰教授, 2013 年 12 月 9 日

 

Other comments: The above data are taken from Vataan dialect of Amis language.

Note the the symbol [ʡ] is an epiglottal plosive.


Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Central dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. t͡sət͡saj

21.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko t͡sət͡saj

2. tosa

22.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko tosa

3. tolo

23.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko tolo

4. səpat

24.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko səpat

5. lima

25.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko lima

6. ʔənəm

26.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko ʔənəm

7. pito

27.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko pito

8. falo

28.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko falo

9. siwa

29.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko siwa

10. poloʡ / moʡətəp

30.   tolo-poloʡ 

11. safaw-t͡sət͡saj

40.   səpat-poloʡ

12. safaw-tosa

50.   lima-poloʡ

13. safaw-tolo

60.   ʔənəm-poloʡ 

14. safaw-səpat

70.   pito-poloʡ 

15. safaw-lima

80.   falo-poloʡ

16. safaw-ʔənəm

90.   siwa-poloʡ 

17. safaw-pito

100.  t͡sət͡saj-liʡan /  t͡sət͡saj-noliʡ *

18. safaw-falo

200.  tosa-liʡan  

19. safaw-siwa

1000. t͡sət͡saj-patək

20. tosa-poloʡ

2000. tosa-patək

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jing-lan Joy Wu, Department of English,  National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9, 2013.

Referenceː Tsuchida, Shigeru.  1988.  Amis. In Takashi Kamei, Rokuro Kono, and Eiichi Chino (eds), The Sanseido Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. 1: Languages of the World, Part One, 447-449.  Tokyo: Sanseido Press.

供资料的语言学家: 静兰教授, 2013 年 12 月 9 日

 

Other comments: The above data are taken from Central dialect of Amis language.

The “Central” dialect here refers to one recognized by the Taiwanese government; hence, it might includes data from both Tavalong-Vattan and Hsiukulan dialects.

Note that there are two forms for ''hundred'; The first one is used in the Vataan-Tavalong dialect; the second one is used in the Hsiukulan dialect.

Note the the symbol [ʡ] is an epiglottal plosive.


Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Haian dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. t͡sət͡saj

21.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko t͡sət͡saj

2. tosa

22.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko tosa

3. tolo

23.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko tolo

4. səpat

24.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko səpat

5. lima

25.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko lima

6. ənəm

26.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko ənəm

7. pito

27.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko pito

8. falo

28.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko falo

9. siwa

29.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko siwa

10. poloʡ / moətəp

30.   tolo a poloʡ 

11. t͡sət͡saj ko safaw *

40.   səpat a poloʡ

12. tosa ko safaw

50.   lima a poloʡ

13. tolo ko safaw

60.   ənəm a poloʡ 

14. səpat ko safaw

70.   pito a poloʡ 

15. lima ko safaw

80.   falo a poloʡ

16. ənəm ko safaw  

90.   siwa a poloʡ 

17. pito ko safaw

100.  t͡sət͡saj a soʡot  **

18. falo ko safaw

200.  tosa a soʡot

19. siwa ko safaw

1000. t͡sət͡saj a patək

20. tosa a poloʡ

2000. tosa a patək

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jing-lan Joy Wu, Department of English,  National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9, 2013.

Referenceː Tsuchida, Shigeru.  1988.  Amis. In Takashi Kamei, Rokuro Kono, and Eiichi Chino (eds), The Sanseido Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. 1: Languages of the World, Part One, 447-449.  Tokyo: Sanseido Press.

供资料的语言学家: 静兰教授, 2013 年 12 月 9 日

 

Other comments: The above data are taken from Haian dialect of Amis language. ko is the nominative case marker, "soʡot” originally means “a handful of…”

Note the the symbol [ʡ] is an epiglottal plosive.


Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Malan /Farangaw dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. t͡sət͡saj

21.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko t͡sət͡saj

2. tosa

22.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko tosa

3. tolo

23.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko tolo

4. səpat

24.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko səpat

5. lima

25.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko lima

6. ənəm

26.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko ənəm

7. pito

27.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko pito

8. falo

28.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko falo

9. siwa

29.   tosa a poloʡ ira ko siwa

10. moʔətəp

30.   tolo a poloʡ

11. moʔətəp ira ko t͡sət͡saj *

40.   səpat a poloʡ

12. moʔətəp ira ko tosa

50.   lima a poloʡ

13. moʔətəp ira ko tolo

60.   ənəm a poloʡ

14. moʔətəp ira ko səpat

70.   pito a poloʡ

15. moʔətəp ira ko lima

80.   falo a poloʡ

16. moʔətəp ira ko ənəm

90.   siwa a poloʡ

17. moʔətəp ira ko pito

100.  t͡sət͡saj a soʡot 

18. moʔətəp ira ko falo

200.  tosa a soʡot

19. moʔətəp ira ko siwa

1000. t͡sət͡saj ləfot

20. tosa a poloʡ

2000. tosa ləfot

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jing-lan Joy Wu, Department of English,  National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9, 2013.

Referenceː Tsuchida, Shigeru.  1988.  Amis. In Takashi Kamei, Rokuro Kono, and Eiichi Chino (eds), The Sanseido Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. 1: Languages of the World, Part One, 447-449.  Tokyo: Sanseido Press.

供资料的语言学家: 静兰教授, 2013 年 12 月 9 日

 

Other comments: The above data are taken from Malan /Farangaw dialect of Amis. Amis has a typical decimal system found in most Western Austronesian languages. Note the the ira is compound numerals is an existential verb and the symbol [ʡ] is an epiglottal plosive.


Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Hengchun dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. t͡sət͡saj

21.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko t͡sət͡saj

2. tosa

22.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko tosa

3. tolo

23.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko tolo

4. səpat

24.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko səpat

5. lima

25.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko lima

6. ənəm

26.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko ənəm

7. pito

27.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko pito

8. falo

28.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko falo

9. siwa

29.   tosa-poloʡ ira ko siwa

10. poloʡ / moʔətəp

30.   tolo-poloʡ

11. moʔətəp ira ko t͡sət͡saj *

40.   səpat-poloʡ

12. moʔətəp ira ko tosa

50.   lima-poloʡ

13. moʔətəp ira ko tolo

60.   ənəm-poloʡ

14. moʔətəp ira ko səpat

70.   pito-poloʡ

15. moʔətəp ira ko lima

80.   falo-poloʡ

16. moʔətəp ira ko ənəm

90.   siwa-poloʡ

17. moʔətəp ira ko pito

100.  t͡sət͡saj a soʡot 

18. moʔətəp ira ko falo

200.  tosa a soʡot

19. moʔətəp ira ko siwa

1000. t͡sət͡saj a ləfot

20. tosa-poloʡ

2000. tosa a ləfot

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Jing-lan Joy Wu, Department of English,  National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9, 2013.

Referenceː Tsuchida, Shigeru.  1988.  Amis. In Takashi Kamei, Rokuro Kono, and Eiichi Chino (eds), The Sanseido Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. 1: Languages of the World, Part One, 447-449.  Tokyo: Sanseido Press.

供资料的语言学家: 静兰教授, 2013 年 12 月 9 日

 

Other comments: The above data are taken from Hengchun dialect of Amis. Amis has a typical decimal system found in most Western Austronesian languages. Note the the ira is compound numerals is an existential verb and the symbol [ʡ] is an epiglottal plosive.


Language name and locationː Amis, Taiwan [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿美 (Farangaw dialect), 东部台东, 花莲一带 

 

1. cacay

21.   tusa puɭuħ cacay

2. tusa

22.   tusa puɭuħ tusa

3. tuɭu

23.   tusa puɭuħ tuɭu

4. səpat

24.   tusa puɭuħ səpat

5. ɭima

25.   tusa puɭuħ ɭima

6. ʔənəm

26.   tusa puɭuħ ʔənəm

7. pitu

27.   tusa puɭuħ pitu

8. faɭu

28.   tusa puɭuħ faɭu

9. siwa

29.   tusa puɭuħ siwa

10. muʔtəp

30.   tuɭu puɭuħ

11. puɭuħ cacay

40.   səpat puɭuħ

12. puɭuħ tusa

50.   ɭima puɭuħ

13. puɭuħ tuɭu

60.   ʔənəm puɭuħ

14. puɭuħ səpat

70.   pitu puɭuħ

15. puɭuħ ɭima

80.   faɭu puɭuħ

16. puɭuħ ʔənəm

90.   siwa puɭuħ

17. puɭuħ pitu

100.  cacay liħan

18. puɭuħ faɭu

200.  tusa liħan

19. puɭuħ siwa

1000. ləfut / patəkan

20. tusa puɭuħ

2000. tusa patəkan

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Prof. Paul Jen-kuei Li, Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, March 21, 1993

供资料的语言学家: 李壬癸教授, 1993 年 3 月 21 日

 

Other comments: Amis has a typical decimal system found in most Western Austronesian languages.


 

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