Other North and Central American Indigenous Languages


  1. Haida:  Southern Haida, Northern Haida 
  2. Tsimshianː Gitxsan, Nisga'a, Tsimshian
  3. Wakashan:
    1. Northern: Haisla, Heitsuk, Kwakiutl
    2. Southern: Makah, Nootka, Nitinat
  4. Keres:  Eastern Keres, Western Keres
  5. Caddoan:
    1. Northern: Arikara, Pawnee, Wichita
    2. Southern: Caddo
  6. Chinookanː
    1. Chinook
    2. Upper Chinook: Wasco-Wishram
  7. Coosanː Coos
  8. Kiowa Tanoan:
    1. Kiowa-Towa: Jemez, Kiowa
    2. Tewa-Tiwa: Tewa, Northern Tiwa, Southern Tiwa
  9. Huavean:
        San Dionisio del Mar Huave,  San Francisco del Mar Huave,
        Santa Maria del Mar Huave, San Mateo del Mar Huave  
  10. Maiduanː Northwest Maidu, Northeast Maidu, Nisenan
  11. Miwokanː  
    1. Eastern Miwokan:
          i. Plains Miwokː
      Plains Miwok
         ii. Sierra Miwokː
      Central Sierra Miwok, Northern Sierra Miwok, Southern Sierra Miwok
    2. Western Miwokan: Coast Miwok, Lake Miwok
  12. Muskogean:    
    1. Eastern: Alabama, Koasati, Mikasuki, Muskogee,
    2. Western: Choctaw, Chickasaw
  13. Palaihnihan: Achumawi, Atsugewi
  14. Pomoan: 
     
       Kashaya, Southern Pomo, Central Pomo, Eastern Pomo, Southeastern Pomo
  15. Wituanː Nomlaki, Wintu
  16. Sahaptian:
    1. Nez Perce
    2. Sahaptin: Tenino, Umatilla, Walla Walla, Yakima
  17. Yokutsanː Yokuts
  18. Tarascan:  Purepecha, Western Highland Purepecha
  19. Tequistlatecan:  Highland Oaxaca Chontal, Lowland Oaxaca Chontal
  20. Misumalpan:  Miskito, Sumo-Mayangna
  21. Language Isolates: 
    1. Chitmacha (USA)
    2. Karok (USA)
    3. Klamth-Madoc (USA)
    4. Kutenai (Canada and USA)
    5. Quileute (USA)
    6. Seri (Mexico)
    7. Tlingit (Canada )
    8. Tol (Hondoras)
    9. Washo (USA)
    10. Yuchi (USA)
    11. Zuni (USA)
  22. Unclassified languagesː
    1. Lenca ( Honduras )
    2. Xinca (Guatemala)

    Note:  Languages and language groups preceded by a dagger (†) are extinct.


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