Language name and location: Akha, Myanmar, China, Thailand [Refer to Ethnologue]

言名称和分布地区阿卡语, 缅甸, 中国, 泰国, 老挝, 越南

 

1. tĩ̀ / tḭ˩

21.  nyĩ̀ tsé tĩ̀

2. nyĩ̀ / ɲḭ˩

22.  nyĩ̀ tsé nyĩ̀

3. sḿ / sm˥

23.  nyĩ̀ tsé sḿ

4. ø̀ / oe˩

24.  nyĩ̀ tsé ø̀

5. ŋà /ŋa˩

25.  nyĩ̀ tsé ŋà

6. kõ̀ / ko̰˩

26.  nyĩ̀ tsé kõ̀

7. ʃĩ̀ / ʃḭ˩

27.  nyĩ̀ tsé ʃĩ̀

8. yɛ̃̀ / yɛ̰˩

28.  nyĩ̀ tsé yɛ̃̀

9. ɣø̀ / ɣö˩

29.  nyĩ̀ tsé ɣø̀

10. tsé / tse˥

30.  sm̀ tsé

11. tsé tĩ̀

40.  ø̀ tsé

12. tsé nyĩ̀

50.  ŋà tsé

13. tsé sḿ 

60.  kõ̀ tsé

14. tsé ø̀

70.  ʃĩ̀ tsé

15. tsé ŋà

80.  yɛ̃̀ tsé

16. tsé kõ̀

90.  ɣø̀ tsé 

17. tsé ʃĩ̀

100. tì yá

18. tsé yɛ̃̀

200. nyĩ̀ yá

19. tsé ɣø̀

1000.

20. nyĩ̀ tsé

2000.

 

Linguist providing data and dateː Mr. Jacob Terrell, Department of Linguistics, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA. April 1, 2012.

供资料的语言学家: Mr. Jacob Terrell, 2012 年 4 月 1 日.

 

Other comments: Akha has a decimal system similar to that of Hani. The creaky voice is lost on numerals 1 and 2 when it is used with classifiers tì ɣà ‘one person’, nyì ɣà ‘two people’. The tone on numeral 3 changes from low to high when used in the ten base system, sm̀ tsé ‘thirty’ not *sḿ tsé. Also, the tone on 3 is high when it precedes a classifier with a low tone, but low then the following classifier has a mid or high tone.

Akha is spoken in Burma, China, Lao, Thailand, and Vietnam, and terms for numerals such as 1,000, 10,000, 100,000 etc. have been borrowed from the respective dominant languages in these communities. However, there is an additional term tã̀ found in religious texts. The exact amount of this number is not agreed on; some say it is 1,000, others 10,000, 100,000, 1,000,000 or 10,000,000. In sum, this number and those above 999 are not understood well.


                            

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