The Afro-Asiatic Language Phylum


  1. Berber:
    1. Eastern:
      1. Awjilahː Awjilah, Sawknah
      2. Siwa: Siwi
    2. Northern:  
      1. Atlasː Judeo-Berber, Tachelhit, Central Atlas Tamazight
      2. Chenoua: Chenoua
      3. Kabyle: Kabyle
      4. Nefudi: Nafusi
      5. Zenati:
             i. East: Ghadamès
            ii. Ghomaraː Ghomara
           iii. Mzab-Wargla:
                    Tagargrent, Temacine Tamazight, Taznatit, Tumzabt
           iv. Riff: Tarifit
            v. Senhajaː Senhaja Berber
           vi. Shawiyaː Tachawit 
          vii. Tidikelt: Tidikelt Tamazight
    3. Tamasheqː
      1. Northernː Tahaggart Tamahaq
      2. Southernː Tamasheq, Tayart Tamajeq, Tawallammat Tamajaq
    4. Zenagaː Zenaga
  2. Chadic:
    1. Biu-Mandara:
      1. A groupː
            i. A.1 subgroupː
                     Boga, Ga'anda, Hwana, Jara, Tera
           ii. A.2 subgroupː
                     Bura-Pabir, Kibaku(Cibak), Huba, Kofa, Central Marghi, South Marghi, Nggwahyi, Putai
          iii. A.3 subgroupː
                     Bana, Kamwe, Hya, Psikye
          iv. A.4 subgroupː
                     Lamang, Vemgo-Mabas, Hdi
                     Mandara Properː
                          Glavdaː
                               Cineni, Dghwede, Glavda, Guduf-Gava, Gvoko
                          Mandalaː Wandala
                          Podokoː Parkwa
           v. A.5 subgroupː
                     Cuvok, Dugwor, North Giziga, South Giziga, Zulgo-Gemzek, Mada, Mafa, Matal, Mefele, Merey, North Mofu, Mofu-Gudur,
                     Moloko, Mbuko, Muyang, Vame, Wuzlam
          vi. A.6 subgroupː Sukur
         vii. A.7 subgroupː
                     Buwal, Daba, Gavar, Mazagway, Mbedam, Mina 
        viii. A.8 subgroupː
                     Bacama, Bata, Gude, Gudu, Fali, Holma, Jimi, Ngwaba, Nzanyi, Sharwa, Tsuvan, Zizilivakan
      2. B groupː
            i. B.1 subgroupː
                     Budumaː Buduma
                     Jilbeː Jilbe
                     Jinaː Jina, Majera
                     Kotoko Properː
                         Afade, Lagwan, Malgbe, Maslam, Mpade, Mser
           ii. B.2 subgroupː Mbara, Musgu, Muskum
      3. C groupː Gidar
    2. Eastː
      1. A groupː
            i. A.1 subgroupː
                     Boor, Buso, Gadang, Mire, Miltu, Ndam, Sarua, Somrai, Tumak
           ii. A.2 subgroupː
                     Gabri, Kabalai, Kimré, Lele, Nancere,Tobanga
          iii. A.3 subgroupː Kera, Kwang
      2. B groupː
           i. B.1 subgroupː
                    Bidiyo, Birgit, Dangaléat, Jonkor Bourmataguli, Kajakse, Mabire, Masmaje, Mawa, Migaama, Mogum, Mubi, Toram, Ubi, Zerenkel
           ii. B.2 subgroupː Mukulu
          iii. B.3 subgroupː Barein, Saba, Sokoro, Tamki
    3. Masaː
           Herdé, Marba, Masana, Mesme, Musey, Ngete, Pévé
    4. Westː
      1. A groupː
            i. A.1 subgroupː Gwandara, Hausa
           ii. A.2 subgroupː
                     Boleː
                         Bole Properː
                             Bole, Beele, Deno, Geruma, Gera, Galambu, Giiwo, Kubi, Kholok, Maaka, Ngamo, Nyam
                         Bureː Bure
                         Karekareː Karekare
                     Tangaleː
                          Deraː Dera
                          Tangale Properː
                               Kutto, Kwaami, Kushi, Pero, Piya-Kwonci, Tangale
          iii. A.3 subgroupː
                     Angas Properː
                          Cakfem-Mushere, Goemai, Jorto, Koenoem, Kofyar, Miship, Montol, Mwaghavul, Ngas, Pyapun, Tal
                     Yiwomː Yiwom
          iv. A.4 subgroupː
                     Fyerː Fyer, Tambas
                     Ron Properː
                          Ron, Duhwa, Kulere, Mundat, Sha
         
         v. Daza: Daza 
      2. B groupː
            i. B.1 subgroupː
                     Bade Properː Bade, Ngizim
                     Duwaiː Duwai
           ii. B.2 subgroupː
                     Ciwogai, Diri, Kariya, Mburku, Miya, Pa'a, Siri, Warji, Zumbun
          iii. B.3 subgroupː
                     Boghomː
                         Boghom, Kir-Balar, Mangas
                     Guruntumː
                         Guruntum, Ju, Tala, Zangwal
                    
        Zaar ː Geji, Polci, Saya, Zari, Zeem
           iv. Jimiː Jimi
            v. Dassː Dass
      3. Luriː Luri
  3. Cushitic:
    1. Central:
      1. Easternː Xamtanga
      2. Northernː Bilen
      3. Southernː Awngi
      4. Westernː Qimant
    2. East:
      1. Boonː Boon
      2. Dullayː Ale (Gawwada), Tsamai
      3. Highlandː
            Alaba-K'abeena, Burji, Gedeo, Hadiyya, Kambaata, Libido, Sidamo
      4. Konso-Gidoleː Bussa, Dirasha, Konso
      5. Oromoː
            Orma, Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo, Eastern Oromo, West Central Oromo, Waata
      6. Rendille-Boniː Boni, Rendille
      7. Saho-Afarː Afar, Saho
      8. Somaliː 
             Dabarre, Garre, Jiddu, Maay, Somali, Tunni
      9. Western Omo-Tanaː
             Arbore, Baiso, Daasanach, El Molo
      10. Yaakuː Yaaku
    3. Northː Bedawi
    4. Southː
            Aasáx, Alagwa, Burunge, Dahalo, Gorowa, Iraqw, Kw'adza
  4. Omotic:
    1. North:
      1. Dizoidː Dizin, Nayi, Sheko
      2. Gonga-Gimojanː
             i. Gimojanː
                    Janjeroː Yemsa
                    Ometo-Giramaː
                         Charaː Chara
                         Gimiraː Bench
                         Ometoː
                              Centralː
                                   Dawro, Dorze, Gamo, Gofa, Melo, Oyda, Wolaytta
                              Eastː
                                   Kachama-Ganjule, Koorete, Zayse-Zergulla
                              Westː Basketo
                              Maleː Male
            ii. Gongaː
                    Centralː Anfillo
                    Northː Boro
                    Southː Kafa, Shekkacho
      3. Maoː
            i. Eastː Màwes Aas'è (Bambassi)
           ii. Westː Ganza, Hozo, Seze
    2. South: Aari, Dime, Gayi, Hamer-Banna, Karo
  5. Semitic:
    1. Central:
      1. Aramaicː
            i. Easternː
                   Northeasternː
                        Neo-Aramaic Assyrian, Barzani Jewish, Bohtan Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Hértevin, Hulaulá, Koy Sanjaq Surat,
                        Lishán Didán, Lishana Deni, Lishanid Noshan, Neo-Mandaic, Senaya 
                   Northwesternː Turoyo
           ii. Westernː Western Neo-Aramaic
      2. Southː
            i. Arabicː
                   Chadian Arabic, Egyptian Arabic, Sudanese Arabic, Yemen Arabic,
        Hassaniyya, Maltese
           ii.Canaaniteː Hebrew
    2. South:
      1. Ethiopianː
             i. Northː Tigré, Tigrigna
            ii. Dahaik: Dahalik
            iii. Southː
                    Outerː
                        n-Groupː Kistane
                        tt-Groupː Chaha, Inor, Mesqan
                    Transversalː
                         Amharic-Argobbaː Amharic, Argobba
                         Harari-East Gurageː Harari, Silt'e, Zay
      2. South Arabianː
             Bathari, Hobyót, Harsusi, Mehri, Shehri, Soqotri

Back >> [ Home ]